An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15429 entries, 13282 authors and 1897 subjects. Updated: October 23, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 4700–4799

109 entries
  • 4700

Contribution à l’étude de l’idiotàie.

Arch. Neurol. (Paris), 1, 69-91, 1880.

“Bourneville’s disease”, tuberous sclerosis, epiloia (p. 81). Digital facsimile from biuSante.parisdescartes.fr at this link.

For the history of the understanding of this disease see the remarkable Wikipedia Timeline of tuberous schlerosis.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, NEUROLOGY
  • 4701

De la parésie analgésique à panaris des extrémités supérieures ou paréso-analgésie des extrémités supérieures.

Gaz. hebd. Méd., n.s. 20, 580-83, 590-94, 624-26, 721-22, 1883.

First description of “Morvan’s disease” – a form of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4702

Ueber eine dem Bilde der cerebrospinalen grauen Degeneration ähnliche Erkrankung des centralen Nervensystems ohne anatomischen Befund, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über paradoxe Contraction.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 14, 87-134, 1883.

“Westphal’s pseudosclerosis”. Later Strümpell’s description of this condition (No. 4709) led to the eponym “Westphal–Strumpell disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4703

Über eine eigentümliche Form spastischer Lähmung mit Cerebralerscheinungen auf hereditärer Grundlage. (Multiple Sklerose.)

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 16, 698-710, 1885.

“Pelizaeus–Merzbacher disease” (see No. 4715).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 4704

Ueber eine bestimmte Form der primären combinirten Systemerkrankungen des Rückenmarks.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 17, 217-38, 1886.

“Strümpell’s disease” – hereditary spastic spinal paralysis, previously described by Erb and by Charcot.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Spastic Periplegia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4705

On arrested cerebral development, with special reference to its cortical pathology.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., 14, 541-53, 1887.

Sachs described the cerebral changes in amaurotic familial idiocy. Earlier, Tay (No. 5918) had recorded the ocular manifestations of this condition, which became known as “Tay-Sachs’s disease”. Two further papers on the subject by Sachs are in the same journal, 1892, 17, 603-07; 1896, 21, 475-79.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Tay-Sachs Disease, NEUROLOGY › Neurodevelopmental Disorders
  • 4706

Ueber die Diagnose der Syringomyelie.

Prag. med. Wschr. 13, 45, 63, 1888.

First complete description of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4706.1

Ueber acute Ataxie.

Z. klin. Med., 18, 576-87, 1891.

“Leyden’s (acute) ataxia”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4707

Ueber die Beziehungen der senilen Hirnatrophie zur Aphasie.

Prag. med. Wschr., 17, 165-67, 1892.

“Pick’s disease” – circumscribed atrophy of the brain with the development of aphasia and presenile dementia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4708

A case of complete athetosis with post-mortem.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., n.s. 17, 124-26, 1892.

One of the earliest accounts of bilateral athetosis (“Vogt syndrome”, No. 4720).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4708.1

Sur l’hérédo-ataxie cérébelleuse.

Sem. méd. (Paris), 13, 444-47, 1893.

Original description of hereditary cerebellar ataxia.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Ataxias, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4708.2

Die infantile Cerebrallähmung.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1897.

Freud gave an excellent description of the various forms of cerebral palsy, with precise classification of the different spastic symptoms; he also mentioned the extra-pyramidal symptoms. This work forms Bd. IX, II Theil, II Abt. of H. Nothnagel’s Specielle Pathologie und Therapie.  Translated into English by Lester A. Russin as Infantile cerebral paralysis (Coral Gables: University of Florida Press, 1968.)



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis
  • 4709

Ueber die Westphal’sche Pseudosklerose und über diffuse Hirnsklerose, insbesondere bei Kindem.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 12, 115-49, 1898.

“Westphal-Strümpell disease” – pseudosclerosis of the brain. (See also No. 4702.) Probably cases of Kinnier Wilson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4710

Subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord.

Brain, 23, 39-110, 1900.

First full description. With F. E. Batten and J. S. Collier.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4711

A case of unilateral progressive ascending paralysis, probably representing a new form of degenerative disease.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., 27, 195-200, 1900.

First description of unilateral progressive ascending paralysis (“Mills’s disease”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4712

Cerebral degeneration with symmetrical changes in the maculae in two members of a family.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U.K., 23, 386-90, 1903.

See No. 4713.1



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4713

Cerebral degeneration, with symmetrical changes in the maculae, in three members of a family.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U.K., 24, 142-45, 1904.

“Batten-Mayou disease”, juvenile amaurotic idiocy (see also No. 4712).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4713.1

Über familiäre amaurotische Idiotie und verwandte Krankheitsbilder.

Mschr. Psych. Neurol., 18, 161-71, 310-57, 1905.

Spielmayer-Vogt disease, or Spielmeyer-Vogt-Sjögren-Batten disease, the juvenile form of cerebromacular degeneration.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, PEDIATRICS
  • 4714

Unilateral ascending paralysis and unilateral descending paralysis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 47, 1638-45, 1906.

First description of unilateral descending paralysis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4714.1

Klinische und anatomische Untersuchungen über eine besondere Form von familiärer amaurotische Idiotie.

Freiburg : Gotha, 1907.

See No. 4713.1. Reprinted in Histologische und Histopathologische Arbeiten über die Grosshirnrinde (Nissl), 1908, 2, 193-213.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4715

Weitere Mitteilungen über eine eigenartige hereditär-familiare Erkrankung des Zentralnervensystems.

Med. Klin., 4, 1952-55, 1908.

“Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease”, familial centrolobar sclerosis (see also No. 4703).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4716

Eine eigentümliche tonische Krampfform mit hysterischen Symptomen.

Inaug. Diss.,, Berlin, 1907.

First description of torsion-spasm, dystonia musculorum deformans; also called “Ziehen–Oppenheim disease” following reports of cases by these writers in Neurol. Zbl., 1911, 30, 109, 1090.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4716.1

L’atrophie olivo-ponto-cérébelleuse.

Nouv. Iconogr. Salpêtr., 25, 223-50, 1912.

Olivo-ponto-cerebellar atrophy. English translation in Rottenberg & Hochberg, No. 5019.14, pp. 219-51.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4717

Progressive lenticular degeneration, a familial nervous disease associated with cirrhosis of the liver.

Brain, 34, 295-509, 1912.

Classic description of progressive familial hepatolenticular degeneration (“Wilson’s disease”), first described by Frerichs in 1861 (see No. 4693), now considered to be a disorder of copper and ceruloplasmin metabolism.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4718

The histology of disseminated sclerosis.

Trans. roy. Soc. Edinb. (1913-14), 50, 517-740, 1916.

A classic monograph on the pathology of multiple sclerosis.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 4719

Le syndrome nerveux de l’espace rétro-parotidien postérieur.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 23, pt. 1, 188-90, 1916.

“Villaret’s syndrome”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4719.1

Ueber eine eigenartige herdförmige Erkrankung des Zentralnervensystems.

Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 57, 1-18, 1920.

Creutzfeld-Jakob disease, spatic pseudoschlerosis, independently discovered by Jakob. (see No. 4722). English translation in No. 5019.14, pp. 97-112.
Creutzfeld described a single case and later reported that "his case did not bear any resemblance to the cases reported by Jakob," suggesting that Creutzfeldt probably did not describe the symptomatology associated with Creutzfeld-Jakob disease.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Prion Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4720

Zur Lehre der Erkrankungen des striären Systems.

J. Psychol. Neurol. (Lpz), 25, Ergänzht. iii, 627-846, 1920.

“Vogt syndrome”, disease of the corpora striata.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4721

Les lésions anatomiques de la maladie de Parkinson.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 28, 593-600, 1920.

Foix and his colleagues showed that the specific lesion in Parkinson’s disease is in the substantia nigra of the mid-brain.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4722

Ueber eigenartige Erkrankungen der Zentralnervensystems mit bemerkenswertem anatomischem Befunde. (Spastische Pseudosklerose — Encephalomyclopathie mit disseminirrten Degenerationsherden.)

Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 64, 147-228, 1921.

“Creutzfeld-Jakob disease”, spastic pseudosclerosis. Traditionally considered to have been independently discovered by Creutzfeld, but in the 21st century recognized as a discovery by Jakob alone. See also No. 4719.1.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Prion Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4723

Rapport sur les syndromes parkinsoniens.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 28, 534-73, 1921.

Souques recognized the importance of encephalitis lethargica as a cause of Parkinsonism; more than any other neurologist he was responsible for unifying its diverse manifestations.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Encephalitis, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4724

Eigenartige Erkrankung in extrapyramidalen System mit besonderer Beteiligung des Globus pallidus und der Substantia nigra.

Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., 79, 254-302, 1922.

The (extrapyramidal) syndrome of Hallervorden and Spatz.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4725

Contribution à l’étude des syndromes du globe pâle. La dégénérescence progressive du globe pâle et de la portion réticuléé de la substance noire (maladie d’Hallervorden–Spatz).

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 65, 921-59, 1936.

Clovis Vincent, a pioneer French neurosurgeon, contributed a valuable study of Hallervorden–Spatz disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4726

Ueber Parpanit, einen neuen estrapyramidal-motorische Störungen beeinflussenden Stoff.

Scbweitz. med. Wschr., 76, 1286-89, 1946.

Introduction of caramiphen (“parpanit”) in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4727

Le traitement de la maladie de Parkinson par le chlorhydrate de diéthylaminoéthyl-N-thiodiphénylamine (2987 R.P.). Premiers résultats.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 78, 581-84, 1946.

Introduction of “diparcol” in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. With D. Boyet and G. Dumont.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4728

Un nouveau médicament symptomatique des syndromes parkinsoniens: le chlorhydrate de [(diéthylamino-2’-methyl-2’) éthyl-1-’] N-dibenzoparathiazine.

Presse méd., 57, 819-20, 1949.

Introduction of ethopropazine (“lysivane”) in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4729

Trihexyphenidyl. Evaluation of the new agent in the treatment of parkinsonism.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 141, 377-82, 1949.

Clinical introduction of benzhexol (“artane”) in Parkinson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Parkinson's Disease
  • 4729.1

Degenerative disease of the central nervous system in New Guinea. The endemic occurrence of “Kuru” in the native population.

New Engl. J. Med., 257, 974-78, 1957.

First description of Kuru, a disease occurring in natives of New Guinea. Cause of the disease was unknown.

"It is now widely accepted that kuru was transmitted among members of the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea via funerary cannibalism. Deceased family members were traditionally cooked and eaten, which was thought to help free the spirit of the dead.[4] Women and children usually consumed the brain, the organ in which infectious prions were most concentrated, thus allowing for transmission of kuru. The disease was therefore more prevalent among women and children" (Wikipedia article on Kuru, accessed 12-2019).

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Papua New Guinea, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Prion Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4729.2

Transmission of two subacute spongiform encephalopathies of man (Kuru and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease) to New World monkeys.

Nature, 230, 588-91, 1971.

Following Hadlow's suggestion (1959), Gadjusek was able to transmit Kuru and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease to primates through cerebral inoculations. Similarity in the clinical course of the diseases and in the cellular pathology of brain material suggested similar causative agents.

Gajdusek shared the Nobel Prize with Baruch S. Blumberg in 1976 for his work on infectious diseases.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Prion Diseases, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1544
  • 4513
  • 4730
  • 4793
  • 4919
  • 4966

De anima brutorum

Oxford: R. Davis, 1672.

Chap. XIV is devoted to the sense of hearing; in it Willis described the “paracusis of Willis” (p. 73). English translation, 1683.

A probable description of myasthenia gravis is given in Pars. 2, Cap. IX.

In Pars 2, Cap. III is an account of lethargy, and Cap. XIII gives an account of “stupidity or foolishness”. Part 2, Cap. 1, deals with headache.

Two Oxford editions were published in 1672; the first, in quarto, in which a description of general paralysis appears on pp. 392-432, and the second, in octavo, in which it appears on pp. 278-307. In his Practice of Physick (1684) the translation of this section appears on pp. 161-78.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing, PAIN / Pain Management, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 4731

A case of extraordinary exostoses on the back of a boy.

Phil. Trans., 41, 369-70, 1740.

Probably the earliest description of myositis ossificans progressiva. Freke was a friend of Fielding, who mentioned him in Tom Jones.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4732

Recherches faites à l’aide du galvanisme sur l’état de la contractilité et de la sensibilité électro-musculaires dans les paralysies des membres superieures.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 29, 667-70, 1849.

“Aran–Duchenne disease”, progressive muscular atrophy, with which the name of Cruveilhier is also associated. A fuller account is included in Duchenne’s Électrisation localisée, 1861, 437-547.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4733

Recherches sur une maladie non encore décrite du système musculaire. (Atrophie musculaire progressive).

Arch. gén. Méd., 4 sér., 24, 4-35, 172-214, 1850.

“Aran–Duchenne disease” (see No. 4732)



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4734

Sur la paralysie musculaire, progressive, atrophique.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 18, 490-502, 546-83, 18521853.

“Cruveilhier’s palsy”, the progressive muscular atrophy already described by Duchenne and Aran. The slimness of the anterior roots was first noticed by Cruveilhier and was thought to be the essential lesion until Luys (No. 4737) reported degeneration of the anterior horn cells.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4734.1

On granular and fatty degeneration of the voluntary muscles.

Med.-chir. Trans., 35, 73-84, 1852.

“Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy” (No. 4739) described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4329
  • 4735

On the nature and treatment of the deformities of the human frame.

London: Longman, 1853.

Little was the first eminent orthopedic surgeon in the British Isles. He studied under Stromeyer and, in 1838, he founded the Orthopaedic Institution, now the (Royal) National Orthopaedic Hospital, London. The above work is an elaboration of lectures delivered in 1843.

Early description of progressive muscular dystrophy (p. 14).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4736

Paralysie musculaire progressive de la langue, du voile du palais et des lévres; affection non encore décrite comme espèce morbide distincte.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5 sér., 16, 283-96, 431-45, 1860.

First description of chronic progressive bulbar paralysis (“Duchenne’s paralysis”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4737

Atrophie musculaire progressive. Lésions histologiques de la substance grise de la moëlle épinière.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 3 sér., 15, 505, 1860.

Luys was the first to note the degeneration of the anterior horn cells in progressive muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4738

Ueber Muskelhypertrophie.

Arch. Heilk., 6, 1-13, 1865.

Progressive muscular dystrophy with pseudo-hypertrophy. From the description given later by Duchenne (No. 4739) the condition has been named “Duchenne-Griesinger disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4739

Recherches sur la paralysie musculaire pseudo-hypertrophique, ou paralysie myo-sclérosique.

Arch. gén. Méd., 6 sér., 11, 5-25, 179-209, 305-21, 421-43, 552-88, 1868.

“Duchenne muscular dystrophy”. English translation of first portion in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 72-75.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4740

Deux cas d’atrophie musculaire progressive avec lésions de la substance grise et des faisceaux antéro-latéraux de la moëlle épinière.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 2, 744-60, 1869.

Description of the lesions of the spinal cord in muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4741

Ueber Myositis ossificans progressiva.

Z. rat. Med., 3 R., 34, 9-41, 1869.

Münchmeyer described a form of progressive ossifying myositis (“Münchmeyer’s disease”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4742

Des amyotrophies spinales chroniques.

Progr. med., 2, 573-74, 1874.

Charcot differentiated between the ordinary (Aran–Duchenne) type of muscular atrophy and the rarer amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, (ALS), at one time called “Charcot’s disease,” but more frequently designated today as Lou Gehrig's disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4743

Klinik der Rückenmarks-Krankheiten. Bd. 2, pt.2.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18751876.

First description of myotonia congenita occurs on p. 550.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4744

Tonische Krämpfe in willkürlich beweglichen Muskeln in Folge von ererbter psychischer Disposition (Ataxia muscularis?).

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 6, 702-18, 1876.

Thomsen suffered from muscle weakness and cramps, an issue that all his sons inherited. Realizing that this was a hereditary disease, Thomsen managed to trace the disease for six generations, and found over 20 cases of it in his family. Thomsen was motivated to research this problem when his youngest son was accused of being a malingerer. with respect to military service. It took the authorities almost two months of medical examinations to confirm that the son really suffered from a disease. Thomsen first described the disease, myotonia congenita, in the above paper. The name Thomsen's disease was proposed in 1883 by Karl Friedrich Otto Westphal .

 

 



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Myotonia Congenita, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4745

On cerebritis, hysteria, and bulbar paralysis, as illustrative of arrest of function of the cerebro-spinal centres.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 3 ser., 22, 7-55, 1877.

The case of “bulbar paralysis” (pp. 45-55) is believed to be the first definite record of myasthenia gravis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4746

Ueber einen eigenthümlichen bulbären (?) Symptomenkomplex.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 9, 172-73, 1879.

Myasthenia gravis (“Erb-Goldflam disease”; see also No. 4757). A further paper on the subject by Erb appears in the above volume, pp. 325-50.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4747

Ueber die juvenile Form der progressiven Muskelatrophie und ihre Beziehungen zur sogenannten Pseudohypertrophie der Muskeln.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 34, 467-519, 1884.

Progressive muscular dystrophy (“Erb’s muscular atrophy”). Erb did much to establish the modern conception of the muscular dystrophies.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 4748

Contribution à l’étude des paralysies radiculaires du plexus brachial.

Rev. Méd., 5, 591-616, 739-90, 1885.

First description of atrophic paralysis of the muscles of the hand following lesion of the brachial plexus and eighth cervical and first dorsal nerves (“Klumpke’s paralysis”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 4749

Sur une forme particuliére d’atrophie musculaire progressive souvent familiale débutant par les pieds et les jambes et atteignant plus tard les mains.

Rev. Méd., 6, 97-138, 1886.

First description of the peroneal form of muscular atrophy, the so-called Charcot–Marie–Tooth type.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4750

The peroneal type of progressive muscular atrophy.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1886.

Tooth described peroneal muscular atrophy independently of, and in the same year as, Charcot and Marie.



Subjects: › Myopathies
  • 4569
  • 4751

A manual of diseases of the nervous system. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18861888.

Gowers was physician and Professor of Clinical Medicine at University College, London. He especially distinguished himself in the field of neurology, and the above set is his greatest work.Page 365 of vol. 1 includes the first description of local panatrophy. See also Rev. Neurol. Psychiat. (Edinb.), 1903, 1, 3-4. Gowers was also interested in stenography, advised his students to take down his lectures in shorthand, and founded the Society of Medical Phonographers. See No. 4751. Biography by Macdonald Critchley, London, 1949.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4752

Contribution à l’étude de la myopathie atrophique progressive (myopathie atrophique progressive, à type scapulo-huméral).

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 8 sér., 3, 478-81, 1886.

“Landouzy–Dejerine type” of progressive muscular dystrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4753

An atypical case of Thomsen’s disease (myotonia congenita).

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 33, 433-35, 1888.

Dana described a combination of myotonia and muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4754

Étude clinique sur la maladie de Thomsen (myotonie congénitale).

Paris: Octave Doin, 1890.

First description of dystrophia myotonica (“Déléage’s disease”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4755

Zwei frühinfantile hereditäre Fälle von progressiver Muskelatrophie unter dem Bilde der Dystrophie, aber auf neurotischer Grundlage.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 22, 437-80, 1891.

“Werdnig-Hoffmann muscular atrophy”, an infantile familial form of progressive muscular atrophy. Hoffmann independently described it (see No. 4756).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 4756

Ueber chronische spinale Muskelatrophie im Kindesalter, auf familiärer Basis.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 1, 95-120; 3, 427-70, 18911893.

“Hoffmann’s muscular atrophy” – independently described by Werdnig (No. 4755).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 4757

Ueber einen scheinbar heilbaren bulbärparalytischen Symptomen-complex mit Betheiligung der Extremitäten.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 4, 312-52, 1893.

Myasthenia pseudoparalytica (Erb–Goldflam symptom complex). See No. 4746.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4758

Contribution à l’étude de l’atrophie musculaire progressive type Duchenne–Aran.

Paris: Progrés Médical & Félix Alcan, 1895.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4759

Existe-t-il une atrophie musculaire progressive Aran-Duchenne?

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 5, 686-90, 1897.

Marie disbelieved in the Aran–Duchenne type of muscular progressive atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4760

Ueber allgemeine und localisierte Atonie der Muskulatur (Myatonie) im frühen Kindesalter.

Mschr. Psychiat. Neurol., 8, 232-33, 1900.

First description of “Oppenheim’s disease” – amyotonia congenita.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4761

Pathologisch-anatomischer Beitrag zur Erb’schen Krankheit (Myasthenia gravis).

Neurol. Zbl., 20, 597-601, 1901.

Weigert noted the connection of myasthenia gravis with hypertrophy of the thymus.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4762

On myopathy and a distal form.

Brit. med. J., 2, 89-92, 1902.

“Distal myopathy of Gowers”, a form of progressive muscular dystrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4763

Traité des torticolis spasmodiques.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1907.

In this classic monograph, 357 cases of torticollis are recorded.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4764

Thymektomie bei einem Fall von Morbus Basedowi mit Myasthenie.

Mitt. Grenzgeb. Med. Chir., 25, 746-65, 19121913.

Thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Reported by C. H. Schumacher and – . Roth.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, SURGERY: General
  • 4765

A report of progress on the use of ephedrine in a case of myasthenia gravis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 94, 1136 (only), 1930.

Harriet Edgeworth discovered by accident the beneficial effect of ephedrine in myasthenia gravis. Digital facsimile from jamanetwork.com at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Ephedrine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4766

Myasthenia gravis: a preliminary report on the effect of treatment with glycine.

Proc. Mayo Clin., 7, 557-62, 1932.

Introduction of glycine (glycocoll) in the treatment of myasthenia gravis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4767

Zur Pathogenese und Therapie der Myasthenie gravis pseudoparalytica.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 128, 66-78, 1932.

Introduction of neostigmine in the treatment of myasthenia gravis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4768

Treatment of myasthenia gravis with physostigmine.

Lancet 1, 1200-01, 1934.

Introduction of physostigmine in treatment of myasthenia gravis. She replaced this with neostigmine in 1935 (Proc. roy. Soc. Med., 28, 759-61).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 4769

The influence of large doses of potassium chloride on myasthenia gravis.

Lancet, 225, 1434-35, 1935.

Potassium salts first used in treatment of myasthenia gravis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4770

The response of the myasthenic state to guanidine hydrochloride.

Science, 87, 348-50, 1938.

Guanidine first used in treatment of myasthenia gravis. With K. Dodd and S. S. Riven.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4771

Myasthenia gravis and tumors of the thymic region. Report of a case in which the tumor was removed.

Ann. Surg., 110, 544-61, 1939.

First deliberate treatment of myasthenia gravis by thymectomy, with M. F. Mason, H. J. Morgan, and S. S. Riven.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 4771.1

Eine neue x-chromosomale Muskeldystrophie.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 193, 427-48, 1955.

Becker-type muscular dystrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4772

De myelophthisi chronica vera et notha.

Berlin: typ. Haynianis, 1817.

First important account of tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4773

De tabe dorsuali praelusio.

Berlin: formis Krausianis, 1827.

Gives the views of his father, Ernst Horn (1744-1848), on tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4774

De l’ataxie locomotrice progressive.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5 sér., 12, 641-52;13, 36-62, 158-81, 417-51, 18581859.

Although far from being the first to describe tabes dorsalis, Duchenne gave a classic account of the condition, earning the eponym “Duchenne’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4775

Douleurs fulgurantes de l’ataxie sans incoordination des mouvements; sclérose commençante des cordons postérieurs de la moëlle épinière.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 3 sér., 21, 122-24, 1866.

First clinical description of the electric pains in tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4776

Des troubles gastriques dans l’ataxie locomotrice progressive. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine. No. 250.

Paris: A. Parent, 1866.

Tabetic gastric crises first described. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4337
  • 4777

Sur quelques arthropathies qui paraissent dépendre d’une lésion du cerveau ou de la moëlle épinière.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 1, 161-78, 1868.

Charcot called attention to tabetic arthropathy, a condition which has since borne his name, while the tabetic joints he so well described are now known as “Charcot’s joints”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4778

Case of cerebral disease in a syphilitic patient.

St. George’s Hosp. Rep., 3, 55-65, 1868.

Syphilitic endarteritis of cerebral arteries described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4779

Remarks on a case of locomotor ataxy with hydrarthrosis.

St. George’s Hosp. Rep., 4, 259-60, 1869.

An early description of the joint symptoms in tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4780

Ueber Sehnenreflexe bei Gesunden und bei Rückenmarkskranken.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 792-802, 1875.

Knee-jerk first used as diagnostic measure in tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4781

Ueber einige durch mechanische Einwirkung auf Sehnen und Muskeln hervorgebrachte Bewegungs-Erscheinungen.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 5, 803-34, 1875.

Westphal discovered the diagnostic value of the knee-jerk simultaneously with Erb.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4782

De l’ataxie locomotrice d’origine syphilitique.

Paris: G. Masson, 1882.

Fournier advanced the doctrine of the syphilitic origin of tabes, a hypothesis which was opposed for a time.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 3128
  • 4783

Ueber progressive perniciöse Anämie bei Tabeskranken

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 10, 849, 1884.

First description of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord, which Leichtenstern termed progressive pernicious anemia in tabetics.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4784

Sur un cas de paraplégie par névrites périphériques, chez un ataxique morphiomane.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 8 sér., 4, 137-43, 1887.

First description of peripheral neuritis, “Dejerine’s neurotabes”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4785

Sur l’atrophie musculaire des ataxiques.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1889.

Dejerine ranks high in French neurology. He became clinical chief at the Salpêtrière. He separated peripheral from medullary tabes, wrote on the tabetic muscular atrophies, on the parietal lobe syndrome, and made many other contributions to neurological literature.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4786

Die Therapie atactischer Bewegungsstörungen.

Münch. med. Wschr., 37, 917-20, 1890.

Frenkel devised certain muscular exercises for use in the treatment of tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4788

Ueber syphilitische Spinalparalyse.

Neurol. Zbl., 11, 161-68, 1892.

Erb’s classic description of syphilitic spinal paralysis, sometimes called “Erb’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4789

Die Aetiologieder Tabes.

Samml. klin. Vortr., N.F., Nr. 53. (Inn. Med. Nr. 18), 515-42, 1892.

English translation, 1900.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4791

Augenkrisen bei Tabes dorsalis.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 35, 25-27, 1898.

“Pel’s crises” – the ocular crises in tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 4792

Syphilis und Nervensystem.

Berlin: S. Karger, 1902.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1544
  • 4513
  • 4730
  • 4793
  • 4919
  • 4966

De anima brutorum

Oxford: R. Davis, 1672.

Chap. XIV is devoted to the sense of hearing; in it Willis described the “paracusis of Willis” (p. 73). English translation, 1683.

A probable description of myasthenia gravis is given in Pars. 2, Cap. IX.

In Pars 2, Cap. III is an account of lethargy, and Cap. XIII gives an account of “stupidity or foolishness”. Part 2, Cap. 1, deals with headache.

Two Oxford editions were published in 1672; the first, in quarto, in which a description of general paralysis appears on pp. 392-432, and the second, in octavo, in which it appears on pp. 278-307. In his Practice of Physick (1684) the translation of this section appears on pp. 161-78.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Headache, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing, PAIN / Pain Management, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 4794

Observations on insanity.

F. & C. Rivington, 1798.

Haslam was among the first to describe general paralysis; he recorded three cases (pp. 64, 67, 92, 120).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4795

Recherches sur l’arachnitis chronique, la gastrite et la gastro-entérite chroniques, et la goutte: Considerées comme causes de l'aliénation mentale. Thèse No. 247.

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1822.

First description of  general paresis, or paralytic dementia, general paralysis of the insane, or "maladie de Bayle". This is considered the first demonstation of an organic cause for a "psychiatric" disorder; it was influential in drawing the attention of psychiatrists to other disorders of the nervous system as possible causes of other "mental" disorders. Commercial issue: Paris, Didot le Jeune, 1822. Partial English translation in Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. (Chicago), 1934, 32, 808-829. Digital facsimile from the University of Calgary at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4796

Considérations sur une espèce de paralysie qui affecte particulièrement les aliénés. Thèse [pour le doctorat en médecin] No. 224.

Paris: De L'Imprimerie de Didot le jeune, 1824.

Delaye, a pupil of Esquirol, selected for his thesis the subject of “incomplete general paralysis of the insane”, which he differentiated from other forms of paralysis. He recorded the early signs of the disease, emphasizing the speech disturbance. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4797

De la paralysie consideree chez les aliénés.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1826.

Classic description of general paralysis. Calmeil’s work complements Bayle’s earlier delineation of general paralysis (No. 4795). Between the two of them they established the clinical picture of general paralysis of the insane, associating it with chronic inflammation of the brain. This was the first breakthrough in neuro-psychiatric research, and it gave psychiatry the spur to precise and systematic clinical, pathological, and statistical innovation on its own terms.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4798
  • 4929

Des maladies mentales. 2 vols. and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1838.

Esquirol succeeded Pinel at the Salpêtrière, and was the first lecturer on psychiatry. After Pinel he was a founder of the French School. This is the first modern textbook on psychiatry. It is notable for its striking illustrations of the insane. Vol. 2, p. 264 contains a classic description of paresis. Esquirol regarded general paralysis as a complication of various forms of mental disorder. English translation, without the illustrations, Philadelphia, 1845.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis, PSYCHIATRY
  • 4799

A case of general paralysis at the age of sixteen.

J. ment. Sci., 23, 419-20, 1877.

Clouston, eminent English psychiatrist, was the first definitely to recognize the relationship between paresis and congenital syphilis and to report a case. This paper is also of interest as being the only recorded case of juvenile paresis at the time Ibsen wrote Ghosts, with its excellent portrayal of the condition in the person of Oswald Alving.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis › General Paresis