An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15328 entries, 13191 authors and 1892 subjects. Updated: September 16, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 8300–8399

99 entries
  • 8300

Medicine and society in Ptolemaic Egypt.

Leiden: Brill, 2013.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8301

Hippocrates On ancient medicine, translated with an introduction and commentary by Mark J. Schiefsky.

Leiden: Brill, 2005.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece
  • 8302

Text and tradition: Studies in ancient medicine and its transmission: Presented to Jutta Kollesch. Edited by Klaus-Dietrich Fischer, Diethard Nickel, and Paul Potter.

Leiden: Brill, 1998.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › History of Ancient Medicine & Biology, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology
  • 8303

John the Physician's therapeutics: A medical handbook in vernacular Greek, translated with an introduction by Barbara Zipser.

Leiden: Brill, 2009.

First printed edition of the Therapeutics of John the Physician is a medical handbook from the thirteenth century, holding important new evidence on medicine as craft in the Byzantine world. Of particular interest is a vernacular version of the text, which also contains a commentary. Here, an unknown reviser vividly describes cases and medical procedures, a type of knowledge rarely encountered in scholarly texts.



Subjects: BYZANTINE MEDICINE
  • 8304

The creation of psychopharmacology

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › History of Psychopharmacology
  • 8305

Mania: A short history of bipolar disorder.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Bipolar Disorder, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 8306

The seven books of Paulus Aegineta: Translated from the Greek, with a commentary embracing a complete view of the knowledge possessed by the Greeks, Romans, and Arabians on all subjects connected with medicine and surgery by Francis Adams. 3 vols.

London: Sydenham Society, 18441847.

Book VI is entirely devoted to operative surgery. Adams himself says that it “contains the most complete system of operative surgery which has come down to us from ancient times”. Book IV contains much information on surgical diseases. The work also includes the first clear description of lead poisoning. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE, SURGERY: General , TOXICOLOGY › Lead Poisoning
  • 8307

Galen on the brain: Anatomical knowledge and physiological speculation in the second century AD.

Leiden: Brill, 2003.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 8308

Embodiments of will: Anatomical and physiological theories of voluntary animal motion from Greek antiquity to the Latin Middle Ages, 400 B.C - A.D.1300.

Saarbrücken: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2008.


Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, ANCIENT MEDICINE › History of Ancient Medicine & Biology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 8309

Constantine the African and ‘Alī Ibn al-‘Abbās al-Mağdūsī: The Pantegni and related texts. Edited by Charles Burnett and Danielle Jacquart.

Leiden: Brill, 1994.

The first book on Constantine the African, which sheds light on the School of Salerno, with which Constantine was associated, and the formation of a medical corpus in the High Middle Ages. 



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy › Schola Medica Salernitana
  • 8310

Maimonides: Medical aphorisms. A parallel Arabic-English edition edited, translated, and annotated by Gerrit Bos. Vol. 1: Treatises 1-5.; Vol. 2: Treatises 6-9; Vol. 3: Treatises 10-15; Vol. 4: Treatises 16-21. Vol. 5: Treatises 22-25.

Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 20042015.


Subjects: Jews and Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine
  • 8311

A medical history of Kenya.

London: Rex Collings, 1976.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Kenya
  • 8312

Magic and rationality in ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman medicine. Edited by Manfred Horstmanshoff and Marten Stol.

Leiden: Brill, 2004.

The first comparison of medical systems of the Ancient Near East and the Greek and Roman world. The authors treat early medicine in Babylonia, Egypt, the Minoan and Mycenean world; later medicine in Hippocrates, Galen, Aelius Aristides, Vindicianus, the Talmud, focusing on the degree of "rationality" or "irrationality" in the various ways of medical thought and treatment.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Anatolia, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, Magic & Superstition in Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8313

Cuneiform Monographs II: Epilepsy in Babylonia.

Groningen: Styx Publications, 1993.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Babylonia & Assyria, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology
  • 8314

Cuneiform Monographs 14: Birth in Babylonia and the Bible: Its Mediterranean setting. by M. Stol with a chapter by F.A.M. Wiggermann.

Groningen: Styx Publications, 2000.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Mesopotamia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Babylonia & Assyria, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8315

The Ebers papyrus: A new English translation, commentaries and glossary by Paul Ghalioungui.

Cairo: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, 1987.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt
  • 8316

The physicians of pharaonic Egypt. (Deutsches Archäologisches Instutut, Abteilung Kairo, Sonderschrift 10).

Cairo: Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations & Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1983.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt
  • 8317

Chocolate: History, culture and heritage. Edited by Louis Evan Grivetti and Howard-Yana Shapiro.

Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.


Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology
  • 8318

Hieratic papyri in the British Museum: Third series: Chester Beatty gift. Edited by Alan H. Gardiner. 2 vols.

London: British Museum, 1935.

Reproduces, with transcription, the Chester Beatty medical papyrus. See No. 5.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 8319

Ancient Egyptian medicine.

London: British Museum, 1996.

This is the best comparatively brief, but sufficiently detailed, survey in English.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt
  • 8320

Magic and medical science in ancient Egypt.

London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1963.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt
  • 8321

Eros on the Nile. Translated from the Polish by Geoffrey L. Packer.

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Originally published by Eros nad Nilem (Prószyyńki i S-ka S.A, 1998).



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt › History of Ancient Medicine in Egypt, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 8322

Sexual life in ancient India: A study in the comparative history of Indian Culture.

London: Routledge, 1930.

Extensively revised by the author, with additional notes by the translator (unidentified), from Das Weib im altindischen Epos. Ein Beitrag zur indischen und zur vergleichenden Kulturgeschichte. Von Johann Jacob Meyer. (Leipzig, W. Heims, 1915.) Digital facsimile of the 1953 reprint of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimile of the original German edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 8323

The Renaissance hospital: Healing the body and healing the soul.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.


Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, Renaissance Medicine › History of Renaissance Medicine
  • 8324

The complete works, translated into English by Charles Allison Behr. 2 vols.

Leiden: Brill, 19811986.

"The six books of Sacred Tales “ are in a class apart. A record of revelations made to Aristides in dreams by the healing god Asclepius…they are of major importance, both as evidence for the practices associated with temple medicine, and as the fullest first-hand report of personal religious experience that survives from any pagan writer.” Modern scholarship has seen a proliferation of theories about the nature of Aristides’ illnesses (real or imagined) and about the meaning of his religious experiences; “a number of scholars have applied psychoanalytical theories to Aristides’ self-presentation” and have come to various conclusions. (Wikipedia article on Aelius Aristides, accessed 12-2016). See also Behr, Aelius Aristides and the sacred tales (Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1968).

 

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, PSYCHIATRY, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8325

Stephanus of Athens: Commentary on Hippocrates' aphorisms. Edited and translated by Leendert G. Westerink. Vol. 1: Section 1-2; Vol. 2: Sections 3-4; Vol. 3: Sections 5-6.

Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 19851995.

Corpus medicorum Graecorum, 11, 1, 3, 1-3.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, BYZANTINE MEDICINE
  • 8326

Firdausu'l-Hikmat or Paradise of wisdom. Edited by M. Z. Siddiqi.

Berlin: Buch-und Kunstr. , 1928.

Firdous al-Hikmah is one of the oldest encyclopedias of Islamic medicine, based on Syriac translations of Greek sources (Hippocrates, Galen Dioscorides, and others). It is divided into 7 sections and 30 parts, with 360 chapters in total. The work was eclipsed by those of Rabban al-Tabari's more famous pupil, Muhammad ibn ZakarÄ«a Rāzi (Rhazes). After writing the work in Arabic Rabban a-Tabari also translated it into Syriac, to give it wider usefulness. However, the information in Firdous al-Hikmah never entered common circulation in the West because it was not edited until the 20th century, when Mohammed Zubair Siddiqui assembled an edition using the five surviving partial manuscripts. There is still no English translation. A German translation by Alfred Siggel of the chapters on Indian medicine was published in 1951. (adapted from the Wikipedia article on Ali ibn Sahl Rabban-al Tabari, accessed 12-2016.)

See Max Meyerhof, "Alî at-Tabarî's 'Paradise of Wisdom", one of the oldest Arabic compendiums of medicine," Isis, 16 (1931) 6-54. Available from Scribd at this link.



Subjects: Encyclopedias, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine
  • 8327

Health maintenance strategy.

Medical Care, 9, 291-298, 1971.

Elwood is often referred to as the "father of the health maintenance organization. He not only coined the term, he also played a role in bringing about structural changes to the American health care system to simultaneously control cost and promote health by replacing fee-for-service with prepaid, comprehensive care. With N. N. Anderson, J.E. Billings, R.J. Carlson, E.J. Hoagberg, and W. McClure.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL › History of Biomedical Economics, Insurance, Health, Managed Care
  • 8328

The rise and fall of HMOs: An American health care revolution.

Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2005.

A broad historical overview of HMOs with a close analysis of one institution, the Marshfield Clinic in northern Wisconsin.



Subjects: ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL › History of Biomedical Economics, Insurance, Health › History of Health Insurance
  • 8329

Asclepiades, his life and writings: A translation of Cocchi's life of Asclepiades and Gumpert's fragments of Asclepiades, by Robert Montraville Green.

New Haven, CT: Elizabeth Licht, 1955.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Physical Therapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 8330

Marcelli De medicamentis liber. Edited Georgius Helmreich.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1889.

Marcellus's compendium of pharmacological preparations drawing on the work of multiple medical and scientific writers as well as folk remedies and magic. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 8331

Die Schriften ΠΕΡΙ ΣΦΥΓΜΩΝ des Philaretos. Edited by John A. Pithis.

Husum, Germany: Mattheisen Verlag, 1983.

First edition of the original Greek text, a medieval Latin translation based on Auxerre 240, a German translation, and a detailed commentary by Pithis of the De pulsibus by the obscure Byzantine physician Philaretos, from whose work physicians of the later Western Middle Ages and the Renaissance derived their theory of the pulses. This text, in the Galenic tradition "largely mediated through the pseudo-Galenic tract "On pulses, for Antonius" was included in the Articella from the 11th century onward. Philaretos lived sometime between the early 9th and late 11th century.



Subjects: BYZANTINE MEDICINE, CARDIOLOGY, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE
  • 8332

Health and disease in Byzantine Crete (7th-12 centuries AD).

Abingdon, Oxford: Ashgate, 2010.


Subjects: BYZANTINE MEDICINE › History of Byzantine Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Crete
  • 8333

Das Bad in der byzantinischen Zeit.

Munich: Institut für Byzantinistik und neugreichische Philologie, 1982.


Subjects: BYZANTINE MEDICINE › History of Byzantine Medicine, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 8334

Anglo-Saxon medicine.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1993.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England › Anglo-Saxon Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 8335

Anglo-Saxon amulets and curing stones.

Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1981.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England › Anglo-Saxon Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 8336

The divine farmer's materia medica: A translation of the Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing by Yang Shou-zhong.

Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Press, 1998.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 8337

Shāng Hán Lùn: On cold damage. Translation and commentaries by Craig Mitchell, Chung-Ching Chang, and Feng Ye.

Taos, NM: Paradigm Publications, 1999.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine
  • 8338

Huang Di Ne Jing Ling Shu. The ancient classic on needle therapy. The complete Chinese text with annotated English translation.

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2016.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine
  • 8339

Nan Jing: The classic of difficult issues. Second edition, revised and updated.

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2016.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine
  • 8340

Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen: An annotated translation of Huang Di's inner classic- Basic questions. 2 vols.

Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2011.


Subjects: Chinese Medicine
  • 8341

De urinis by Gilles de Corbeil, with commentary by Gentilis de Fulgineo. Edited by Venantius Mutius.

Padua: I[m]pressus [per] m[a]g[ist]r[u]m Matheu[m] Cerdonis [de] Uuindischgrecz, 1483.

Gilles de Corbeil's medical poem De urinis was based on writings by Theophilus Protospatharius by way of the Articella. Poems such as this were intended as mnemonic aids for students, and they tended to be widely used. 

"Gentile's commentary de urinarum iudiciis makes a first attempt to comprehend the physiology of urine formation; aided by his dissection of cadavers, Gentile asserted that urine associated with the blood passes per poros euritides ("through the porous tubules") of the kidney and is then delivered to the bladder. Commenting on De pulsibus, he connected the relationship between fast pulse rate and urine output and correlated the color of urine with the condition of the heart. For the originality of his thought Mario Timio suggested[8] that Gentile could be indicated as the 'first' cardionephrologist in the history of medicine." (Wikipedia article on Gentile da Foligno, accessed 1-2017). ISTC No. ia00093000. Digital facsimile from the Countway Library at Harvard at this link.

See also Carmina de urinarum iudiciis edited ab excellentissimo magistro Egidio cum expositione et commento magistri Gentils de Fulgineo noviter castigatis, Et pluribus in locis emendatis, per magistrum Auenantium, de Camerino artium & medicinae professorem (Basel, 1529) Digital facsimile of the 1529 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology, UROLOGY
  • 8342

Leisure, pleasure and healing: Spa culture and medicine in Ancient Eastern Mediterranean.

Leiden: Brill, 2007.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, BYZANTINE MEDICINE › History of Byzantine Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mediterranean, THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy › History of Hydrotherapy or Physical Therapy
  • 8343

A Hellenistic treatise on poisonous animals (the "Theriaca" of Nicander of Colophon): A contribution to the history of toxicology.

Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1991.

"... the authors review all the ancient treatises, ranged in chronological order, that cite Nicander at greater or lesser length, from Celsus up to Paul of Aegina - not less than thirteen authors. . . . Next follows a section . . . . on Nicander as scientist, physician, and poet. Happily brief, this part is followed by another, more ample, on Nicander's poetic heritage, which starts with Virgil and ends with Keats, and includes ten authors, among them Dante, Ronsard, and Shakespeare. . . . there follow nineteen plates referring to snakes, derived from sculpture, manuscripts, paintings, and prints of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and copious appendices that risk constituting the most interesting part of the work..." - Society for Ancient Medicine



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic, BYZANTINE MEDICINE › History of Byzantine Medicine, Byzantine Zoology, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 8344

[Vol. 1:] Primus Avi. Canon. Avicenna, medicorum principis, Canonum liber (translatus a Gerardo Cremonensi), una cum lucidissima Gentilis Fulgi. expositione, qui merito is Speculator appellatus, additis annotationibus omnium auctoritatum and priscorum and recentiorum auctorum (edente Barthomomeo Tantuccio) .... - [Vol. 2:] Secundus Canon Avic., Cum exquisitissima Gentilis Fulg. expositione. Demum Plinii auctoritates, secundum annotata capita in de Simplicibus nuperrime addite. - [Vol.3:] Tertius Can. Avic., Cum amplissima Gentilis Fulgi. expositione. Demum commentaria nuper addita, videlicet Jacobi de Partibus super "Fen" VI and XIIII. Item Jo. Matthei de Gradi super "Fen" XXII, quia Gentilis in eis defecit. - [Vol. 4:]: Secunda pars Gentilis super tertio Avic. Cum supplementis Jacobi de Partibus, Parisiensis, ac Joannis Matthei de Gradi, Mediolanensis, ubi Gentilis vel breviter vel tacite pertransivit. - [Vol.5:] Quartus Canon Avicenna, cum preclara Gentilis Fulginatis exhibits. Thadei item Florentini expositio super secunda "Fen" ejusdem. Gentilis Florentini iterum super duos primos tractatus quinte "Fen". Quintus etiam Canon, cum ejusdem Gentilis Fulginatis lucidissima exhibits. Canticorum liber, cum commento Averroys, translatus ex arabico a magistro Armegando Blasii, Libellus de Viribus cordis translatus ab Arnaldo de Villanova). Omnia accuratissime revisa atque castigata ....

Venice: apud heredes O. Scoti, 15201522.

The commentary by Gentile da Foligno upon Avicenna's Canon was among the most influential medical texts of the Later Middle Ages. See Roger K. French, Canonical medicine: Gentile da Foligno and scholasticism (Leiden: Brill, 2001).



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine
  • 8345

Hec sunt opera Arnaldi de Villa noua que in hoc volumine continentur.

Lyon: François Fradin pour Balthazard de Gabiano, 1504.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Spain
  • 8346

I codici di medicina del periodo presalernitano (secoli IX, X e XI).

Rome: Edizioni de Storia e Letteratura, 1956.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 8347

Die europäischen Übersetzungen aus dem Arabischen bis Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts. 2 vols.

Vienna: Carl Gerold's Sohn, 19041905.

Digital facsimile from medadoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology › Translations to and from Arabic, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 8348

Die toxikologischen Schriften der Araber bis Ende des XII. Jahrhunderts: Ein bibliographischer Versuch, grossenteils aus handschriftlichen Quellen.

Hildesheim: Gerstenberg, 1971.

First published in Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für klinische Medizin 52 (1871 and 57 (1873).



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, TOXICOLOGY › History of Toxicology
  • 8349

A catalogue of incipits of mediaeval scientific writings in Latin. Revised and augmented edition.

Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1963.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 8350

A history of Jewish gynaecological texts in the Middle Ages.

Leiden: Brill, 1998.


Subjects: Jews and Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology
  • 8351

Questions and answers for physicians: A medieval Arabic study manual by 'Abd al- 'Azīz al-Sulamī. Translated, edited and with an introduction by Gary Leiser and Noury Al-Khaledy.

Leiden: Brill, 2004.

"....a translation and edition of the medieval Arabic medical work entitled Imtiḥān al-alibbā' li-kāffat al-aṭibbā' ("The Experts' Examination for All Physicians"). It is a study guide for students of medicine prepared by Abd al-Azīz al-Sulami who was chief of medicine to the Ayyūbid sultan in Cairo between 596/1200 and 604/1208. It is composed of ten chapters on ten fields of medicine: the pulse, urine, fevers and crises, symptoms, drugs, treatment, ophthalmology, surgery, bonesetting, and fundamentals.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine
  • 8352

The Salernitan questions: An introduction to the history of Medieval and Renaissance problem literature.

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963.


Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 8353

The prose Salernitan questions, edited from a Bodleian manuscript (Auct. F.3.10). An anonymous collection dealing with science and medicine written by an Englishman c. 1200, with an Appendix of ten related collections. (Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi, 5).

London & New York: Oxford University Press, for the British Academy, 1979.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England
  • 8354

Maurus of Salerno, twelfth-century "optimus physicus" with his commentary on the prognostics of Hippocrates, now first transcribed from manuscript and translated into English by Morris Harold Saffron. (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, N.S. Vol. 62, pt. 1).

Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1972.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy › Schola Medica Salernitana
  • 8355

The High German Bartholomaeus: Text, with critical commentary of a mediaeval medical book based on the London manuscripts Brit. Mus. Add. 16, 892, Brit. Mus. Arundel 164, Brit. Mus. Add. 17, 527, Brit. Mus. Add. 34, 304, by Walter L. Wardale.

Dundee, Scotland: James Follan, 1993.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy › Schola Medica Salernitana
  • 8356

Introductio in historiam litterarium anatomes nova aeque ac antiqua, bseu, Conspectus plerorumque, si non omnium, tam veterum quam recentiorum scriptorum, qui a primis artis medicae originibus usque ad praesentia nostra tempora anatomiam operibus suis illustrarunt: Una cum indice nominum rerumque locupletissimo.

Frankfurt an der Oder: apud Joh. Godofredum Conradi, 1738.


Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy
  • 8357

Anglo-Saxon remedies, charms, and prayers from British Library MS Harley 585: The ‘Lacnunga’. Edited and translated with introduction, appendices and commentary and bibliography by Edward Pettit. 2 vols.

Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001.

Digital facsimile of British Library MS Harley 585 from the British Library at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England › Anglo-Saxon Medicine
  • 8358

Handbook of religion and health. 2nd edition.

Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.


Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8359

Medicine and the Reformation. Edited by Ole Peter Grell and Andrew Cunningham.

London: Routledge, 1993.


Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8360

The four horsemen of the Apocalypse: Religion, war, famine and death in Reformation Europe.

Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 2000.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8361

Isidore of Seville: The medical writings. An English translation with an introduction and commentary by William D. Sharpe.

Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. (New Ser.) 54 (2)1-75, 1964.

Translation of the medical and anatomical portions of the Etymologiae. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Encyclopedias, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Spain
  • 8362

Anatomies de Mondino dei Luzzi et de Guido de Vigevano. Par Ernest Wickersheimer.

Paris: E. Droz, 1926.

Facsimile of the 1478 edition of Mondino's Anothomia along with the text and 18 plates from Guido de Vigevano's (fl. 14th century) Anathomia. Vigevano's manuscript, completed in 1345, is MS. 569 in the Musée Condé at the Chateau de Chantilly. In his Anathomia Vigevano discusses the usefulness of using drawings for the demonstration of anatomy as well as the church's attitude toward dissection of the human body. According to Wickersheimer, the Papal Bull of Boniface VIII in 1300 was not aimed at curtailing dissection, but was intended to halt the practice of boiling and dismembering the bodies of crusaders who had died away from home for easier transportation back to Europe. Vigevano's plates are among the earliest anatomical drawings of the time and are intended to show the techniques of dissection and a limited number of diagnostic techniques.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, ANATOMY › Medieval Anatomy (6th to 15th Centuries), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy
  • 8363

Trois traités d'anatomie arabes par Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi, 'Ali ibn al-'Abbas, et 'Ali ibn Sina. Text inédit de deux traités. Traduction de P. de Koning.

Leiden: Brill, 1903.

Parallel Arabic and French texts. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Medieval Anatomy (6th to 15th Centuries), ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine
  • 8364

The cyrurgie of Guy de Chauliac. I Text (E.E.T.S., 265) Edited by Margaret S. Ogden.

London & New York: Oxford University Press for the Early English Text Society, 1971.

Middle English text of Guy de Chauliac's surgery.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France, SURGERY: General
  • 8365

Healing and society in medieval England. A Middle English translation of the pharmaceutical writings of Gilbertus Anglicus. Edited by Faye Marie Getz.

Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2010.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, PHARMACOLOGY, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 8366

Monica H. Green & Linne R. Mooney: Gilbertus Anglicus, "The Sickness of Women," IN: Sex, Aging and Death in a Medieval Medical Compendium: MS Trinity College Cambridge R.14.52, Its Language, Scribe, and Texts. Edited by M. Teresa Tavormina. Vol. 2., pp. 455-568.

Tucson, AZ: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2006.

"Gilbertus's Compendium medicinae was translated into Middle English in the early 15th century.[4] The gynecological and obstetrical portions of that translation were soon excerpted and circulated widely as an independent text known in modern scholarship as The Sickness of Women. That text was then modified further in the mid-15th century by the addition of materials from Muscio and other sources on obstetrics; this is known as The Sickness of Women 2.[5] Between them, the two versions of The Sickness of Women were the most widely circulated Middle English texts on women's medicine in the 15th century, even more popular than the several Middle English versions of the Trotula texts" (Wikipedia article on Gilbertus Anglicus, accessed 01-2017).



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Midwives
  • 8367

Arab painting: Text and image in illustrated Arabic manuscripts. Edited by Anna Contadini.

Leiden: Brill, 2010.


Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Manuscripts & Philology, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Islamic or Arab Medicine, Medieval Zoology › History of Medieval Zoology, NATURAL HISTORY › Art & Natural History
  • 8368

Contraception: A history of its treatment by the Catholic theologians and canonists. Enlarged edition.

Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1986.


Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8369

Practica, seu Lilium medicinae.

Naples: Francesco del Tuppo, for Bernardinus Gerardinus, 1480.

Includes descriptions of plague, tuberculosis, scabies, epilepsy, anthrax, and leprosy. ISTC No. ib00447000.

 



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France, NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 8370

An essay towards solving a problem in the doctrine of chances. By the late Rev. Mr. Bayes, F.R.S. communicated by Mr. Price, in a letter to John Canton, A.M., F.R.S.

Phil. Trans., 53, 370-418, 1763.

Bayes's paper enunciated Bayes's Theorem for calculating "inverse probabilities”—the basis for methods of extracting patterns from data in decision analysisdata mining, statistical learning machinesBayesian networksBayesian inference. Digital facsimile from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine , COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology
  • 8371

An arithmetical and medical analysis of the diseases and mortality of the human species.

London: Printed for the author by John Crowder, and sold by C. Dilly, 1789.

Black analyzed the London bills of mortality from 1701-1776. His work was the only study to provide a numerical account of insanity, a disease on people's minds because of George III's illness.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, PSYCHIATRY
  • 8372

Observations on the increase and decrease of different disease, and particularly of the plague.

London: T. Payne, 1801.

Heberden observed that the number of deaths from dysentery sharply decreased over the 18th century, but that deaths attributed to apoplexy increased. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Dysentery, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), NEUROLOGY › Neurovascular Disorders › Stroke
  • 8373

Divide and conquer: A comparative history of medical specialization.

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.


Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 8374

Learning to heal: The development of American medical education.

New York: Basic Books, 1985.


Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 8375

On the nature of the function expressive of the law of human mortality, and on a new mode of determining the value of life contingencies.

Phil. Trans., 115, 513-583., 1825.

Gompertz function. "Gompertz showed that over much of the adult human lifespan, age-specific mortality rates increased in an exponential manner. Gompertz's work played an important role in shaping the emerging statistical science that underpins the pricing of life insurance and annuities. Latterly, as the subject of ageing itself became the focus of scientific study, the Gompertz model provided a powerful stimulus to examine the patterns of death across the life course not only in humans but also in a wide range of other organisms. The idea that the Gompertz model might constitute a fundamental ‘law of mortality’ has given way to the recognition that other patterns exist, not only across the species range but also in advanced old age. Nevertheless, Gompertz's way of representing the function expressive of the pattern of much of adult mortality retains considerable relevance for studying the factors that influence the intrinsic biology of ageing" (http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1666/20140379, accessed 1-2017). Digital facsimile of the 1825 paper from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 8376

On the law of mortality and the construction of annuity tables.

J. Inst. Actuaries and Assur. Mag., 8, 301-310, 1860.

Gompertz-Makeham law. Makeham proposed the age-independent Makeham term that, together with the exponentially age-dependent Gompertz term, compose the Gompertz-Makeham law of mortality--one of the most effective theories to describe human mortality. See No. 8375.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 8377

"A copy of the earliest known Weekly Bill of Mortality. British Museum. Egerton MSS. 2603, f.4." IN: An inquiry into the trustworthiness of the old bills of mortality.

J. Roy. Stat. Soc., 55, 437-460, 1892.

On p. 452 of his paper Ogle reproduces in type "A copy of the earliest known Weekly Bill of Mortality. British Museum. Egerton MSS. 2603, f.4." Ogle states that Creighton attributed this manuscript bill of mortality to the year 1532, "in which year an Order of Council was issued calling on the mayor [of London] to furnish a bill of the deaths from plague." Bills of Mortality were not printed until 1603. Digital facsimile of Ogle's paper from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 8378

Handbook of geographical and historical pathology. Translated from the second German edition by Charles Creighton. Vol. 1.-Acute infective diseases. Vol. 2.-Chronic infective, toxic, parasitic, septic and constitutional diseases. Vol. 3.-Diseases of organs and parts.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18831886.

This is the best edition of Hirsch's Handbuch. Digital facsimiles of all 3 vols. from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, PARASITOLOGY
  • 8379

Proceedings of the first conference on visualization in biomedical computing. May 22-25, 1990. Norbert F. Ezquerra, Chair.

Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990.


Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology › Visualization, Robotics & Telerobotics in Medicine & Surgery
  • 8380

George A Sacher, Life table modification and life prolongation. IN: Handbook of the biology of aging, edited by Caleb E. Finch and Leonard Hayflick, pp. 582–638.

New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1970.

"The building of a connection between the Gompertz equation and the biology of ageing owes much to the work of biophysicist George Sacher [10] of the Argonne National Laboratory, whose introduction to ageing stemmed from the growing recognition during the 1950s that irradiation would shorten length of life [11]. The same recognition led physicist Leo Szilard [12] to propose the somatic mutation theory of ageing and prompted a range of studies on the effects of radiation on ageing both in animal models such as Drosophila (e.g. [13]) and also in human survivors of atomic bomb irradiation [14].

Sacher [10] used the Gompertz model to compare the patterns of increase in age-specific mortality rates across different species. By plotting age-specific mortality on a logarithmic scale against age (figure 1), he showed that a linear increase was generally observed, in accordance with the logarithmic version of equation (1.1), i.e.Embedded Image   

"Thomas B. L. Kirkwood, Decipherng death: a commentary on Gompertz (1825) 'On the nature of the function express of the law of human mortality and on a new mode of determining the value of life contingencies"). (http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1666/20140379,  accessed 01-2017



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 8381

The serial cultivation of human diploid cell strains.

Exp. Cell. Res., 25 (3), 585-621., 1961.

The Hayflick limit. Hayflick demonstrated that a population of normal human fetal cells in a cell culture will divide between 40 and 60 times. The population then enters a senescence phase. 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 8382

Medicine meets virtual reality: Discovering applications for 3-D multi-media interactive technology in the health sciences. A symposium, June 4-7, 1992, San Diego, California.

San Diego, CA: Aligned Management Associates, 1992.

The first conference on the medical applications of virtual reality.



Subjects: Robotics & Telerobotics in Medicine & Surgery, Virtual Reality in Medicine
  • 8383

The claims of the Negro, ethnologically considered: An address before the literary societies of Western Reserve College, at commencement, July 12, 1854.

Rochester, NY: Printed by Lee, Mann & Co., Daily American Office, 1854.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 8384

A traffic of dead bodies: Anatomy and embodied social identity in nineteenth century America.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.


Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8385

An American dilemma: The Negro problem and modern democracy. By Gunnar Myrdal with the assistance of Richard Sterner and Arnold Rose.

New York: Harper & Brothers, 1944.

Includes considerable anthropological, biological, and health data. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 8386

Hospital computer systems: How to use computers in medical centers for better patient care. Edited by Morris F. Collen.

New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

This is the first comprehensive book on the subject. The authors describe in detail, with numerous references, the limited hospital computer systems in operation at the time both in the United States and in Europe. The editor, who was responsible for the development of the most advanced system at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, and provides a detailed account of it here, began his preface with this statement: "A variety of computer applications in medical care has been developed within many hospitals in the U.S. and Europe over the past ten years. In the first half of 1973, there was not yet in existence a single completely computerized hospital information system, although considerable progress had been achieved in utlizing the computer for many inpatient and out patient services."



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, HOSPITALS
  • 8387

A tandemly repeated sequence at the termini of the extrachromosomal ribosomal RNA genes in Tetrahymena.

J. Mol. Biol., 120 (1) 33-53., 1978.

In 1975–1977, Blackburn, working as a postdoctoral fellow at Yale University with Gall, discovered the unusual nature of telomeres, with their simple repeated DNA sequences composing chromosome ends.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8388

Identification of a specific telomere terminal transferase activity in Tetrahymena extracts.

Cell, 43 (2 Pt 1) 405-413, 1985.

Blackburn and Grieder discovered telomerase in the ciliate Tetrahymena. For the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase, Blackburn and Grieder, along with Jack W. Szostak, were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 8389

Picturing the book of nature: Image, text, and argument in sixteenth-century human anatomy and medical botany.

Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012.


Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration › History of Botanical Illustration, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines › History of Materia Medica
  • 8390

The Hearst Medical Papyrus: Hieratic text in 17 facsimile plates in collotype with introduction and vocabulary by George A. Reisner. University of California Publications. Egyptian Archaeology, Volume 1.

Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1905.

The papyrus has been dated to the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, around the time of pharaoh Tuthmosis III. The text is believed to have been composed earlier, during the Middle Kingdom, around 2000 BCE. The papyrus is so unusually well preserved that questions have persisted regarding its authenticity.

"The Hearst Papyrus contains 260 paragraphs on 18 columns[2] of medical prescriptions, written in hieratic Egyptian writing. The topics range from "a tooth which falls out" to "remedy for treatment of the lung",[1]but concentrates on treatments for problems dealing with the urinary system, blood, hair, and bites[2] (by human beings, pigs, and hippopotamuses[1]). One incantation deals with the 'Canaanite illness', "when the body is coal-black with charcoal spots", probably tularemia, one of the 'plagues' which helped to unseat the Hyksos.[3] "(Wikipedia article on the Hearst Papyrus accessed 01-2017). See Chauncey D. Leake, Sanford V. Larkey and Henry F. Lutz, "The management of fractures according to the Hearst Medical Papyrus," IN: Underwood, E.A. (ed.) Science, medicine and history: Essays on the evolution of scientific thought and medical practice written in honour of Charles Singer (London: Oxford University Press, 1953) Vol. 1, pp. 61-74. Digital facsimile of the 1905 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Egypt, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 8391

The Ramesseum papyri. Edited by Sir Alan Gardiner. 2 vols.

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1955.

A collection of ancient Egyptian medical documents from the early 18th century BCE, found in the temple of the Ramesseum. As with most ancient Egyptian medical papyri, these documents mainly concern ailments, diseases, the structure of the body, and supposed remedies used to heal these afflictions; specifically  namely ophthalmologic ailments, gynaecology, muscles, tendons, and diseases of children. It is the only well-known papyrus to describe these in great detail. Papyrus IV deals with issues similar to the Kahun Gynecological Papyrus, such as labor, the protection of the newborn, ways to predict the likelihood of its survival, and ways to predict which gender the newborn will be. It also contains a contraception formula.Papyrus V contains numerous prescriptions dealing with the relaxation of limbs, written in hieroglyphic script, rather than hieratic script.

 



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, Contraception , OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OPHTHALMOLOGY , PEDIATRICS
  • 8392

Un traité égyptien d’ophiologie - Papyrus du Brooklyn Museum nos 47.218.48 et 85. Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale.

Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1989.

Dating from about 450 BCE, this papyrus concerns snakes and the treatments for snake bites, and also the treatment of scorpion bites and spider bites.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri, TOXICOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Zootoxicology, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian
  • 8393

Les papyrus médicaux de l'Egypte pharaonique. Traduction intégrale et commentaire.

Paris: Fayard, 1995.

French translations, with commentary of the Egyptian medical papyri.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri › History of Medical Papyri
  • 8395

Aristotle. [Opera omnia]. 5 vols.

Venice: Aldus Manutius, 14951498.

Between November 1495 and June 1498 scholar printer Aldus Manutius (Teobaldo Mannucci) of Venice issued the first edition in the original Greek of Aristotle's Opera omnia. The set appeared in five thick quarto or small folio volumes, often bound in six. Assembling all of the texts was a major challenge for Aldus and his associates, requiring the help of scholars in different countries, and yet during the publication process Greek texts of both the Poetics and On Rhetoric, remained elusive, so they were excluded from the set. The editio princeps of Aristotle appeared at the close of a century that had witnessed a strong revival in Greek and humanistic studies; it was the first major Greek prose text, or collection of texts, to be reintroduced to the Western world in its original language by means of the printing press, and its success launched Aldus's efforts to produce further editiones principes of other Greek authors. In addition to the Aristotelian works, the five volumes contained works by Aristotle's successor, the botanist Theophrastus, the commentator on Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, the neo-Platonic philosopher Porphyrius, and Philo of Alexandria (Philo Judaeus) along with the spurious De historia philosophia attributed to Galen. ISTC No.: ia00959000. Digital facsimiles of the whole set are available from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek, vol. 1 at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, BIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, BOTANY, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, PSYCHOLOGY, Zoology, Natural History, Ancient Greek / Roman / Egyptian
  • 8396

Rising life expectancy: A global history.

Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

"Between 1800 and 2000 life expectancy at birth rose from about 30 years to a global average of 67 years, and to more than 75 years in favored countries. This dramatic change was called a health transition, characterized by a transition both in how long people expected to live, and how they expected to die. Rising Life Expectancy examines the way humans reduced risks to their survival, both regionally and globally, to promote world population growth and population aging."



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging › History of Gerontology & Aging, NUTRITION / DIET › History of Nutrition / Diet, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 8397

History of allergy. Edited by K. C. Bergmann and J. Ring. (Chemical Immunology and Allergy Vol. 100.)

Basel: Karger, 2014.

Allergy through 20 centuries; most common allergic diseases: historical reflections; mechanisms of allergy: important discoveries; detection and environmental influences and allergens; progress in allergy management; pioneers of allergy; allergy societies and collections; online supplementary material.



Subjects: ALLERGY › History of Allergy
  • 8398

Clinical aspects of immunology.

London: Blackwell, 1963.

Gell-Coombs classification of hypersensitivity. Prior to development of this classification, all forms of hypersensitivity were classified as allergies, "and all were thought to be caused by an improper activation of the immune system. Later, it became clear that several different disease mechanisms were implicated, with the common link to a disordered activation of the immune system. In 1963, a new classification scheme was designed by Philip Gell and Robin Coombs that described four types of hypersensitivity reactions, known as Type I to Type IV hypersensitivity. With this new classification, the word "allergy" was restricted to type I hypersensitivities (also called immediate hypersensitivity), which are characterized as rapidly developing reactions" (Wikipedia article on Allergy, accessed 01-2017).



Subjects: ALLERGY, IMMUNOLOGY
  • 8399

Physico-chemical properties of human reaginic antibody. IV. Presence of a unique immunoglobulin as a carrier of reaginic activity.

J. Immun., 97 (1), 75-85, 1966.

The antibody class labeled immunoglobulin E (IgE) discovered simultanteously by two independent groups: Ishizaka's team at the Children's Asthma Research Institute and Hospital in Denver, Colorado, and by Gunnar Johansson and Hans Bennich in Uppsala, Sweden. The publication by the Uppsala team is: Johansson, SG, Bennich, H."Immunological studies of an atypical (myeloma) immunoglobulin" Immunology 13 (1967) 381–94. The joint paper by both teams is: Ishizaka, Teruko; Ishizaka, Kimishige; Johansson, S. Gunnar O.; Bennich, Hans. "Histamine Release from Human Leukocytes by Anti-λE Antibodies"Journal of Immunology102(4) (1969) 884–892.



Subjects: ALLERGY, IMMUNOLOGY