An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15328 entries, 13191 authors and 1892 subjects. Updated: September 16, 2021

Browse by Entry Number 1600–1699

125 entries
  • 1600

Mémoires sur les hôpitaux de Paris.

Paris: P. D. Pierres, 1788.

Reforms quickly followed Tenon’s disclosures of the dreadful conditions prevailing in the hospitals of Paris in the 18th century. He was also instrumental in the foundation of a special hospital for children. English translation as Memoirs on Paris  hospitals. Edited and with an introduction, notes and appendices by Dora B. Weiner (1996). Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS
  • 1601

An account of the principle lazarettos in Europe. With various papers relative to the plague: Together with further observations on some foreign prisons and hospitals and additional remarks on the present state of those in Great Britain and Ireland.

Warrington, England: T. Cadell, 1789.

Following on his work for the improvement of the conditions in prisons, Howard travelled extensively in Europe, carrying out an elaborate investigation into the conditions of hospitals. Digital facsimile of the second edition (1791) from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans)
  • 1601.1

Observations sur les maladies des nègres, leurs causes, leurs traitemens et les moyens de les prévenir.

Paris: Didot de Jeune, 1776.

Study of the health conditions and diseases of black slaves in the Americas.  Digital facsimile of the 1776 edition from Google Books at this link. Second edition, expanded to two volumes. ParisL'Auteur1792.

 


Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Caribbean, Hygiene, Slavery and Medicine
  • 1602

Die Kunst das menschliche Leben zu verlängern

Jena: Akad. Buchhandlung, 1797.

Hufeland’s “Makrobiotik”, one of the most popular books of its time on personal hygiene. It was translated into all European languages. Hufeland was court physician at Weimar. English translation, 1797.



Subjects: Hygiene, NUTRITION / DIET
  • 1602.1

The code of health and longevity; or, a concise view of the principles calculated for the preservation of health, and the attainment of long life. 4 vols.

Edinburgh: Archibald Constable & Co., 1807.

One of the most comprehensive works on gerontology ever written, with a bibliography of 1800 references, supplemented by abstracts, translated excerpts from ancient authors, national data, etc.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging, Hygiene
  • 1603

A treatise on medical police, and on diet, regimen, &c. In which the permanent and regularly recurring causes of disease in general, and those of Edinburgh and London in particular, are described; with a general plan of medical police to obviate them, and a particular one adapted to the local circumstances of these cities. 2 vols.

Edinburgh: Printed by John Moir and sold by Thomas Bryce & London: John Murray, 1809.

First notable work on the subject in English. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 1604

An essay on dew.

London: Taylor & Hessay, 1814.

For this work Wells was awarded the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society. His researches on the subject were of major importance in the development of the science of ventilation, particularly in its relation to relative humidity and the influence of the latter on the comfort of the occupants of factories, ships, theatres, etc. Wells was physician to St. Thomas’s Hospital, London, from 1800 until his death.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 1604.1

An essay on the disorders of old age, and on the means of prolonging life.

London: Longmans, 1817.

Carlisle, a distinguished surgeon and anatomist, advised young people to adopt a sound regimen early in life in order to secure longevity. Addressing himself directly to old people he described diseases common to the elderly and paid particular attention to the problems of performing surgical operations on the aged.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging, Hygiene
  • 1604.2

A treatise on the adulterations of food and culinary poisons: Exhibiting the fraudulent sophistications of bread, beer, wine, spirituous liquors, tea, coffee, cream, confectionery, vinegar, mustard, pepper, cheese, olive oil, pickles and other articles employed in domestic economy; and methods of detecting them.

London: Longman, Hurst..., 1820.

One of the earliest exposures of food adulteration, written by a German chemist who spent most of his career in England. This sensational popular scientific work exposed established scandalous practices within the food processing industry, antagonizing London food manufacturers. The scandal was particularly sensational since it affected consumers of all economic classes. However, after a lawsuit was brought against him Accum left England, living out the rest of his life as a teacher at an industrial institution in Berlin.

"A thousand copies of A Treatise on Adulterations of Food and Culinary Poisons were sold within a month of its publication. A second run was printed in the same year, and a German translation was printed in Leipzig two years later. The book's cover shows that Accum was capable of using dramatic imagery to try to draw attention to his scientific knowledge. It featured a rectangular frame supporting a spider's web and surrounded by intertwined snakes. A spider lurks in the middle of the web over its prey, and a skull crowns the entire collection with a caption beneath it, taken from 2 Kings 4:40: 'There is death in the pot' " (Wikipedia article Friedrich Accum, accessed 9-2017).

Digital facsimile of the first edition from the Internet Archive at this link; of the second edition, with different title page, at this link.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET, PUBLIC HEALTH, TOXICOLOGY
  • 1605

Leçons sur les épidémies et l’hygiène publique. 4 vols.

Paris: F. G. Levrault, 18221824.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1605.1

Die Krankheiten des höhren Alters und ihre Heilung. 2 vols.

Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 1839.

Canstatt’s book is one of the most important in the history of gerontology, summarizing all previous work on the subject. Suffering from tuberculosis, Canstatt himself only lived to the age of 43. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 1606

Hygiène publique. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1836.

The first volume reprints the author's Essai sur les cloaques ou égouts de la ville de Paris (1824). Parent-Duchâtelet wrote that he had visited all the places which he described in the text: ”J’ai surmonté sans hésiter la répugnance et les dangers inséparables de pareilles recherches. ... J’ai fait tout ce que doit faire un homme jaloux de découvrir la vérité, et de jeter quelque lumière sur un sujet obscur."



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1607

De la prostitution dans la ville de Paris. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1836.

Traditionally viewed as a classic in public health, this work has also been characterized as the first scientific study in sexology. Third and most complete edition "complétée par des documents nouvelles et des notes" par A[dolphe] Trebuchet [1801-1865] and Poirat-Duval suivie d'un précis hygiénique, statistique et administratif sur la prostitution dans les principles villes de l'Europe. 2 vols, Paris, 1857. Digital facsimile of the 1836 edition from BnF Gallica at this link; of the 1857 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 1608

Report…from the Poor Law Commissioners on an inquiry into the sanitary conditions of the labouring population of Great Britain.

London: William Clowes & Sons, 1842.

Chadwick devoted his life to social reform. He was secretary to the Poor Law Commission when he made the above report to Parliament. In it he included a careful analysis of causes of death in 1838 and 1839 and gave a vivid picture of insanitary conditions in England and Wales. The complete report was issued in 3 vols. in 1842 (though the 2nd and 3rd volumes are infrequently found) plus a supplementary summary volume published in 1843. As a result of this and an earlier (1833) report, the foundations of later systems of government inspection were laid, a Public Health Act was passed (1848) and a General Board of Health was established. Chadwick included various lithographed maps illustrating public health issues such as deaths, contagious or epidemic diseases,  housing conditions, etc. See also No.1625.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Wales, Cartography, Medical & Biological, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1609

Report of a general plan for the promotion of public and personal health, devised, prepared, and recommended by the commissioners appointed under a resolve of the legislature of Massachusetts relating to a sanitary survey of the State.

Boston, MA: Dutton & Wentworth, Printers, 1850.

Compiled by a team, but entirely written by Shattuck, this report was the first general blueprint for the promotion of public health presented to an American governmental body. Its first proposal was for the creation of state and local boards of health in an era when such state commissions were non-existent. A Board of Health was not set up until 1869, however. Shattuck has been called “the Chadwick of America”. An abridged version of this famous Report appears in G. C. Whipple’s State Sanitation, Cambridge, [Mass.], 1917; a facsimile reproduction was published in 1948.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Massachusetts
  • 1610

Dictionnaire des altérations et falsifications des substances alimentaires, médicamenteuses et commerciales. 2 vols.

Paris: Béchet jeune, 1850.

Chevallier, a chemist, was a prolific writer. Above is probably his most important publication.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1610.1
  • 8491

Procès-verbaux de la Conférence Sanitaire Internationale ouverte a Paris le 27 juillet 1851. 2 vols.

Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1852.

Reports of the first international public health conference, in which the representatives of 12 European states conferred from July 27, 1851 to January 19, 1852. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Global Health, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1611

Notes on hospitals.

London: John W. Parker & Son, 1859.

Includes four plans of hospitals. A third edition, completely revised, was published by Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1863.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Crimean War, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1612

Notes on nursing: what it is, and what it is not.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1860.

After receiving training in Germany and France, Florence Nightingale had some nursing experience in England. The Crimean war gave her an opportunity to demonstrate the value of trained nurses. Within a few months of her arrival at Scutari, the mortality rate among soldiers there fell from 42% to 2%. Florence Nightingale lived to become the greatest figure in the history of nursing. Facsimile reproduction (? of first edition), Philadelphia, 1946. Biographies by Sir E.T. Cook, 1913, and Cecil Woodham-Smith, 1950. See also Bio-bibliography of Florence Nightingale by W. J. Bishop & S. Goldie, 1962.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Crimean War, NURSING, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1613

Ueber eine Methode die Kohlensäure in der atmosphärischen Luft zu bestimmen.

J. prakt. Chem., 85, 165-84, 1862.

Pettenkofer was the founder of experimental hygiene; he was the first to institute a laboratory for hygienic investigation.



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1614

A manual of practical hygiene.

London: John Churchill & Sons, 1864.

First important English treatise on hygiene.



Subjects: Hygiene
  • 1615

Metropolitan Board of Works Report on experiments with respect to the ventilation of sewers. 3 parts.

London: Brickhill & Bateman, 18661869.

Bazalgette planned the sewers of London.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 1616

Ueber die Canalisation von Berlin.

Vjschr. gerichtl. öff. Med., n.F. 9,1-43, 1868.

Virchow advocated a canal sewer system for Berlin. Such a system was constructed by Hobrecht. See No. 1624.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1617

Ueber gewisse, die Gesundheit benachtheiligende Einflüsse der Schulen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 46, 447-70, 1869.

Improvements in school hygiene and the regular inspection of school children were brought about by the efforts of Virchow. English translation, New York, 1871. Virchow’s papers on public health were collected, annotated, and translated into English by L.J.Rather as Collected essays on public health and epidemiology, 2 vols., [Canton, Mass.,1985].



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1618

Das Kanal- Oder Siel-System in München.

Munich: H. Manz, 1869.

Pettenkofer was responsible for the installation of the modern system of sewage disposal in Munich, and thus succeeded in almost completely ridding that city of typhoid.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1619

On the effects of the antiseptic system of treatment upon the salubrity of a surgical hospital.

Lancet 1, 4-6, 40-42, London, 1870.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 1620

La Seine. Etudes hydrologiques. Régime de la pluie, des sources, des eaux courantes. (Les travaux souterrains de Paris.) 4 vols. and atlas.

Paris: Vve. C. Dunod, 18721887.

Belgrand designed the Paris sewers.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1621

Observations on the construction of healthy dwellings.

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1880.

Galton spent some years in the army; he had a variety of interests, chief among them being railways, education and sanitary science. He designed the Herbert Hospital at Woolwich and he invented a ventilating fire grate.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1622

Die Hygiene des Auges in den Schulen.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1883.

Cohn did much to promote school hygiene. He advocated regular examination of the eyes of school children, an idea which was put into practice in 1885. An English translation of the book appeared in 1886.



Subjects: Hygiene, OPHTHALMOLOGY , PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1623

London water supply, including a history and description of the London waterworks.

London: William Clowes, 1884.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1624

Die Canalisation von Berlin.

Berlin: Ernst u. Korn, 1884.

Hobrecht was responsible for the construction of the Berlin sewers.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1625

The health of nations: A review of the works of Edwin Chadwick, with a biographical dissertation by Benjamin Ward Richardson. 2 vols.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1887.

Chadwick may be said to have initiated the public health era. Largely through his efforts the Public Health Act 1848 came into existence in England. He was the greatest sanitarian of the 19th century; among other things he was responsible for the introduction of glazed earthenware pipes for drains. See also R. A. Lewis’s Edwin Chadwick and the public health movement, 1832-54, London, 1952.  Digital facsimile of the 1887 work from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1626

Public health reports by John Simon. Edited for the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain by Edward Seaton. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1887.

Simon was the first medical officer for the City of London. Together with his English sanitary institutions, the above work played a great part in paving the way for modern reforms in the sphere of hygiene and public health. Next to Chadwick, Simon was the greatest sanitary reformer of the 19th century. See also No. 1650. Biography by R. Lambert, 1963.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1627

Description of the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Baltimore, MD: I. Friedenwald, 1890.

Billings was responsible for the designing of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. “It marked a new departure in hospital construction…It was the most perfect and best equipped institution of its time” (Kelly & Burrage).



Subjects: HOSPITALS, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1628

Hospitals and asylums of the world. 4 vols. and atlas.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18911893.

This great work deals with the history, administration, and planning of hospitals, and includes a bibliography. The author was an English financier and philanthropist rather than a professional historian or hospital administrator. He devoted most of his philanthropic work to hospitals and nursing facilities.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1629

A treatise on hygiene and public health. Edited by T. Stevenson and S. F. Murphy. 3 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18921894.


Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1631

The purification of sewage and water.

London: Sanitary Publ. Co, 1897.

Dibdin introduced the bacterial system of sewage purification. Previously he had devised the contact system.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1632

Some points in the construction of the continuous sewage filter.

Proc. incorp. Ass. munic. County Engrs, 28, 278-90, 1901.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1633

Royal Commission on sewage disposal. Reports 1-8.

London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 19021912.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1634

Recherches sur l’épuration biologique et chimique des eaux d’égout. 8 vols.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 19051908.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1635

Die sexuelle Frage.

Munich: E. Reinhardt, 1905.

Forel’s best work; translated into 16 languages; 16th edition in 1931.



Subjects: Hygiene, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 1636

Die Bedeutung der Bakterien für die Gesundheitspflege.

Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1905.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1637

Investigation on the purification of Boston sewage, with a history of the sewage-disposal problem.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1906.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Massachusetts
  • 1638

Stérilisation de grandes quantités d’eau par les rayons ultraviolets.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 150, 932-34; 151, 677-80, Paris, 1910.

With A. Helbronner and M. de Recklinghausen.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1639

Handbuch der Hygiene. 6 vols.

Leipzig: S. Hirtzel, 19111913.

With Max Gruber and P. M. Ficker.



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1640

Sewage disposal by oxidation methods.

Trans. XV. Int. Congr. Hyg. Demog., 1912, Washington, 4, 375-83, 1913.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1641

Preventive medicine and hygiene by Milton J. Rosenau. With chapters on sewage and garbage by George C. Whipple...Vital statistics by Cressy L. Wilbur...The prevention of mental diseases by Thomas W. Salmon.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1913.

Digital facsimile of the 1913 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. There were numerous later revised editions.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, Hygiene, PSYCHIATRY, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1641.1

Geriatrics: The diseases of old age and their treatment, including physiological old age, home and institutional care, and medico-legal relations.

Philadelphia: P. Blakiston’s Sons, 1914.

The first modern treatise on the subject. Nascher coined the term “geriatrics” in a paper of that name in N.Y. med. J., 1909, 90, 358-59.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 1641.2

Contraception (birth control). Its theory, history and practice. A manual for the medical and legal professions.

London: John Bale, 1923.

The first formal handbook on birth control.



Subjects: Contraception , WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1900 - 1999
  • 1642

Fortschritte de Abwasserreinigung.

Berlin, 1925.

In 1909 Imhoff devised the system of sewage purification which bears his name.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1646

Histoire de l’habitation humaine depuis les temps préhistoriques jusqu'à nos jours.

Paris, 1875.

Viollet-Le-Duc traced the history of domestic architecture among the different "races" of mankind. Translated into English by Benjamin Bucknall as Habitations of man in all ages (1876). Digital facsimile of the French edition from the Hathi Trust at this link; of the English translation at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1647

Die öffentliche Hygiene im alten Rom.

Berlin, 1881.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Roman Empire › History of Medicine in the Roman Empire, Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1648

Medical economy during the Middle Ages; a contribution to the history of European morals, from the time of the Roman Empire to the close of the 14th century.

New York: J. W. Bouton, 1883.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1650

Gesundheitspflege im Mittelalter.

Hamburg & Leipzig: L. Voss, 1890.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1650

English sanitary institutions, reviewed in their course of development, and in some of their political and social relations.

London: Cassell & Co., 1890.

Simon "viewed the state as provider of the basic conditions needed for subsistence (without interfering in the iron law of wages) through sanitary reform of the environment, prevention of epidemic diseases, and the regulation of unadulterated food and drugs" (Dorothy Porter, Doctors, the state, and the ethics of political medical practice [2007]).  

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), POLITICS, MEDICAL, PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 1651

Zur Vorgeschichte der modernen Hygiene.

Berlin: O. Francke, 1905.


Subjects: Hygiene › History of Hygiene
  • 1652

L’hygiène publique à travers les âges.

Paris: Vigot Frères, 1906.


Subjects: Hygiene › History of Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1653

The story of English public health.

London: Cassell & Co., 1919.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1654

A half-century of public health. Jubilee historical volume of the American Public Health Association.

New York: American Public Health Association, 1921.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1654.1

Histoire de la prostitution chez tous les peuples du monde depuis l'antiquité la plus reculée jusqu'a nos jours, par Paul Dufour. 6 vols.

Paris: Seré, 18511853.

Dufour was a pseudonym of the writer Paul Lacroix. Translated into English by Samuel Putnam as History of prostitution among all the peoples of the world, from the most remote antiquity to the present day, 3 vols., Chicago: Pascal Covici, 1926, Revised edition,  New York: Coivici, Friede,  2 vols, c.1931. Digital facsimile of the 6 vol. original edition from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 1655

The history of heating, ventilation, and lighting.

Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med., 2 ser., 3, 57-67, 1927.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 1656

Evolution of preventive medicine.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1927.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1657

The treatment of the sick poor of this country and the preservation of the health of the poor in this country.

London: Humphrey Milford, 1929.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1657.1

The rise of preventive medicine.

London: Oxford University Press, 1932.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1658

A century of public health in Britain, 1832-1929.

London: A. & C. Black, 1932.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1659

A history of food adulteration and analysis.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1934.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1660

Fifty years in public health: a personal narrative with comments.

London: George Allen & Unwin, 1935.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1661

The last thirty years in public health.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1936.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1662

Medical history of contraception.

Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1936.

Reprinted with updating preface, 1963, 1970.



Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1664
CANADIAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION

The development of public health in Canada: a review of the history and organization of public health in the provinces of Canada, with an outline of the present organization of the National Health Section of the Department of Pensions and National Health, Canada. Edited by R. D. Defries.

Toronto, Canada: Canadian Public Health Association, 1940.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1664.1

Study in hospital efficiency as demonstrated by the case report of the second two years of a private hospital.

Boston, MA: Privately Printed, 1915.

Pioneer application of efficiency engineering principles to hospital administration, made over a two year period. Codman was responsible for the “end result idea”. This revolutionary concept, which seems so obvious today, was that a hospital should follow every patient it treats long enough to determine whether or not the treatment was successful. If the treatment was not successful the cause of failure should be determined in order to prevent similar failures in the future. Codman was exceptionally outspoken in his views.

 

Codman reissued and expanded this work in 1918, changing the title to read "as demonstrated by the case report of the first five years of a private hospital."  Neither the 1915 or 1918 editions were dated. "Digital facsimile of the 1918 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1665

Cleanliness and godliness.

London: Allen & Unwin, 1943.

A history of sewage disposal, the privy, and related matters.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1666

The conquest of epidemic diseases. A chapter in the history of ideas.

Princeton, NJ: University Press, 1943.

Reprinted 1980.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1667

The story of water supply.

London: Oxford University Press, 1946.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1668

A guide to the history of physical education. 3rd edition, revised and enlarged by George Affleck.

Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1947.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1669

The dawn of Scottish social welfare. A survey from medieval times to 1863.

London: Nelson, 1948.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Scotland, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 1670

A history of English public health, 1834-1939.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1950.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671

The United States Public Health Service, 1798-1950.

Washington, DC: Commissioned Officers Association of the United States Public Health Service, 1951.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.1

The advance to social medicine.

London: Staples Press, 1952.

Originally published in French, 1948.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 1671.11

A classified bibliography of gerontology and geriatrics.

Stanford, CA: University Press, 1951.

Supplements, in 1957 and 1963.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 1671.2

A short history of public health.

London: Churchill, 1956.

2nd edition, 1966.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.3

A history of public health.

New York: MD Publications, 1958.


Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.4

The story of England’s hospitals.

London: Museum Press, 1961.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.5

Prostitution and society. A survey. 3 vols.

London: MacGibbon & Kee, 19621968.

Vol. 1: Primitive, classical and oriental. Vol. 2: Prostitution in Europe and the New World. Vol 3: Modern sexuality.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology
  • 1671.6

Contraception through the ages.

London: Peter Owen, 1963.


Subjects: Contraception › History of Contraception, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.61

Geschichte der Geriatrie. Dreitausend Jahre Physiologie, Pathologie und Therapie des alten Menschen.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1965.


Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging › History of Gerontology & Aging, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.62

Ten centuries of European hospital architecture.

Ingelheim am Rhein: C. H. Boehringer Sohn, 1967.


Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.7

International health organizations and their work. 2nd ed.

Edinburgh: Churchill-Livingstone, 1971.

A systematic account of international health work from its beginnings to modern times. First published 1952.



Subjects: Global Health, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.8

The scientific background of the International Sanitary Conferences, 1851-1938.

Geneva: World Health Organization, 1975.

First published in WHO Chronicle, 1974. 28, 159-71, 229-47, 369-84, 414-26, 455-70, 475-508. Available from apps.who.int at this link.



Subjects: Global Health, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1671.9

Aging: Its history and literature.

New York: Human Sciences Press, 1979.

Includes bibliographies of classic works, of the history of geriatrics, and of periodicals devoted to the subject.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging › History of Gerontology & Aging
  • 1672

Epidemics I and III. In: [Works] with an English translation by W.H.S. Jones.

1, 139-287, London: Heinemann, 1923.

Hippocrates introduced the inductive method of studying epidemics.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 1673
  • 5047
  • 5085

Epidemiorum et ephemeridum libri duo.

Paris: J. Quesnel, 1640.

A pupil of Fernel, De Baillou was a follower of Hippocrates in his advancement of the doctrine of “epidemic constitutions”. Crookshank regards him as the first modern epidemiologist. This work includes the first description of whooping cough. This was originally written in 1578. Baillou called it “tussis quintana”. For translation see R. H. Major, Classic descriptions of disease, 3rd ed., 1945, p. 210.  The above work includes a description of the epidemic of diphtheria in Paris, 1576. Later de Baillou advocated tracheotomy, although there is no evidence that he performed that operation.

 

 



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Whooping Cough
  • 1674

Observations on the epidemical diseases in Minorca. From the year 1744 to 1749.

London: D. Wilson, 1751.

Cleghorn left a good account of several diseases and conditions not previously observed, among them epidemic jaundice. He included accounts of many post-mortems. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 1675

Observationes de aëre et morbis epidemicis. 3 vols.

London: J. Hinton, 17521770.

Huxham made daily records of the weather and prevailing diseases; his aim was to establish a relationship between atmospheric conditions and disease. The work was first published in 1728; vol. 1 and 2 of the edition given above are second edition, which was rounded off by a third volume published posthumously. English translation of vol. 1 and 2, 1758-67.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 1675.1

A brief history of epidemic and pestilential diseases. 2 vols.

Hartford, CT: Hudson & Goodwin, 1799.

“The best general summary of epidemiological opinion at the beginning of the nineteenth century; and few works surpass it as a compendium of earlier speculations in this field”. (Winslow). A great linguist, Webster was the author of the famous dictionary. Osler considered the above work the most important American medical work written by a layman.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of
  • 1676

Epidemiologia española. 2 vols.

Madrid: Mateo Repullés, 1802.

A chronological history of epidemics occurring in Spain to the end of the 18th century. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Spain, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 1677

Bibliotheca epidemiographica.

Jena: F. Mauke, 1843.

A second edition was published in 1862. Digital facsimile of the second edition from the Medical Heritage Library at the Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 1678

Die grossen Volkskrankheiten des Mittelalters. Historischpathologische Untersuchungen. Von J. F. K. Hecker. Gesammelt und in erweiteter Bearbeitung hrsg. von A. Hirsch.

Berlin: T. C. F. Enslin, 1865.

A collection of essays on the Black Death, the dancing mania, and the English sweat, published 1832-34 and later in a collective English edition, The epidemics of the Middle Ages, 2 pts., London, 1833-35; reprinted 1844, 1846,1859. In the first English edition the general title accompanies Part 2 only; the work entitled “The sweating sickness”, which completes the series, was not included in this edition.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 1679

Geschichte der epidemischen Krankheiten.

Jena: H. Dufft, 1882.

Forms vol. 3 of his Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Medizin und der epidemischen Krankheiten, 3te. Aufl.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 1680

A history of epidemics in Britain. Vol. 1: From A. D. 664 to the extinction of plague. Vol. 2: From the extinction of plague to the present time.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 18911894.

A classical contribution to modern epidemiology, of which Creighton may be said to have been the founder. Reprinted with new introductory material, 1965. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of
  • 1681
  • 5112
  • 5136

Abhandlungen aus der Seuchengeschichte und Seuchenlehre. Pt. 1: Die Pest. Pt. 2: Die Cholera. 2 vols. in 3.

Giessen: A. Töpelmann, 19081912.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of
  • 1682

Epidemics resulting from wars. Edited by Harald Westergaard.

Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › History of Military Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War I
  • 1683

Epidemiology, historical and experimental.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1932.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 1683.1

Epidemics and crowd diseases: An introduction to the history of epidemiology.

London: Williams & Norgate, 1935.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology
  • 1684

War and disease.

Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1941.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › World War II
  • 1685

Man and epidemics.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1952.


Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY
  • 1685.1

History and geography of the most important diseases.

New York: Hafner, 1965.

Originally published in German, 1963.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, Geography of Disease / Health Geography › History of Geography of Disease
  • 1686

Natural and political observations mentioned in a following index, and made upon the Bills of Mortality.

London: T. Roycroft for J. Martyn, J. Allestry and T. Dicas, 1662.

The first book on vital statistics. Graunt, a draper, studied the Bills of Mortality, which began as weekly lists of deaths and their causes, compiled by parish clerks. They gained much in importance after Graunt’s work, and in 1838 merged into the Registrar-General’s returns. Graunt was a friend of Sir William Petty. Some authorities attribute authorship of the above work to Petty. In his A bibliography of Sir William Petty F.R.S. and of Observations on the bills of Mortality by John Graunt, F.R.S, (1971) Geoffrey Keynes traces the interrelationship of these authors.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1687

An estimate of the degrees of mortality of mankind, drawn from curious tables of the births and funerals at the city of Breslaw, with an attempt to ascertain the price of annuities upon lives.

Phil. Trans., 17, 596-610, London, 1693.

Halley, the astronomer, compiled the “Breslau tables” to show “the proportion of men able to bear arms … to estimate mortality rates, to ascertain the price of annuities upon lives, and was thus the virtual founder of vital statistics” (Garrison). The data on which Halley based his conclusions were supplied to him by Caspar Neumann, a pastor of Breslau. Because Neumann's correspondence with the Royal Society was lost, Halley's paper is the only record of the statistics that Neumann collected.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1688

Several essays in political arithmetic.

London: Robert Clavel and Henry Mortlock, 1699.

A pioneer statistician, Petty took the first census of Ireland. He was Professor of Anatomy at Oxford and later Graham Professor of Music. SeeNo. 1686.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1689

A letter … containing, a comparison between the mortality of the natural small pox, and that given by inoculation.

London: W. J. Innys, 1723.

Jurin was an enthusiastic supporter of inoculation against smallpox, and proved statistically that the fatality of inoculated smallpox is very much less than the fatality of natural smallpox. This is one of the earliest applications of statistics to a particular socio-medical problem. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox › Variolation or Inoculation, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 1690

Annuities upon lives; or, the valuation of annuities upon any number of lives; as also, of reversions. To which is added, an appendix concerning the expectations of life and probabilities of survivorship.

London: F. Fayram, B. Motte, and W. Pearson, 1725.

De Moivre, French Huguenot mathematician and demographer, formulated the hypothesis that among a body of persons over a certain age the successive annual decreases by death are nearly equal.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1691

Die göttliche Ordnung in denen Veränderungen des menschlichen Geschlechts.

Berlin: D. A. Gohl, 1742.

Süssmilch, a German army chaplain, produced an important book on vital statistics, the title of which translates as The divine order in the circumstances of the human sex, birth, death and reproduction.  Among other things, he showed the necessity of a healthy and industrious population for the survival of a nation. Süssmilch discovered that, in the long term, there is a constant sex ratio of 1,000 female births to 1,050 male births. His work was the most important until the time of Malthus. Digital facsimile of a printed facsimile of the first edition from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1691.1

Essai sur les probabilitiés de la durée de la vie humaine: d’où l’on déduit la manière de déterminer les rentes viagères, tant simples qu’en tontines.

Paris: Guérin Frères, 1746.

Deparcieux was the first to construct correct life tables. Appendix in 1760. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1692

New observations, natural, moral, civil, political, and medical, on city, town, and country bills of mortality.

London: T. Longman & A. Millar, 1750.

Original and suggestive work on vital statistics, showing vividly the changing conditions of life as he saw it (Greenwood).



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1692.1

A collection of the yearly bills of mortality, from 1657 to 1758 inclusive. Together with several other bills of an earlier date. To which are subjoined I. Natural and political observations on the bills of mortality; by Capt. John Graunt, F.R.S. reprinted from the sixth edition, in 1676. II. Another essay in political arithmetic, concerning the growth of city of London; with the measures, periods, causes, and consequences thereof. By Sir William Petty, Kt. F.R.S. reprinted from the edition printed at London in 1683. III. Observations on the past growth and present state of the city of London; reprinted from the edition printed at London in 175.1; with a continuation of the tables to the end of the year 1756. By Corbyn Morris Esq; F.R.S. IV. A comparative view of the diseases and ages, and a table of the probabilities of life, for the last thirty years. By J[ames] P[ostlethwayt] Esq; F.R.S.

London: A. Millar, 1759.

The only collected edition of early bills of mortality, which were generally published as broadsides and are not available separately. Includes reprints of Nos. 1686 and 1688. This work has traditionally been attributed to Thomas Birch, but Hull (1899) gives strong evidence that Heberden was the author.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1693
  • 215.4

An essay on the principle of population, as it affects the future improvement of society.

London: J. Johnson, 1798.

Malthus laid down the principle that populations increase in geometrical ratio, but that subsistence increases only in arithmetical ratio. He argued that a stage is reached where increase of populations must be limited by sheer want, and he advocated checks on population increase in order to reduce misery and want. His work was an important influence on both Darwin and Wallace in their formulation of the concept of natural selection. It also had a profound influence on the decrease in size of families down to the present time. The book was at first published anonymously, but Malthus attached his name to the greatly expanded second edition of 1803. Malthus continued to revise the work through the sixth edition, 2 vols., 1826. All editions but the fourth contain significant new material.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, ECONOMICS, BIOMEDICAL, EVOLUTION
  • 1694

Natural and political observations and conclusions upon the state and condition of England, 1696. Pages 405-449 in An estimate of the comparative strength of Great-Britain; and of the losses of her trade from every war since the revolution; with an introduction of previous history. A new edition, corrected and continued to 1801. To which is now annexed Gregory King's celebrated state of England.

London: J. Stockdale, 1802.

King has been called the first great economic statistician, surpassing Petty. King was an engraver, herald, surveyor, and Secretary to the Commissioners for the Public Accounts, but he is best known for his 1696 estimates of the wealth and population of England. Writing in 1696, but calculating for the year 1688, he put the population at approximately 5.5 million, and his work was not published at the time because it was considered strategic information. It was rediscovered and first published, with a life of King by antiquarian and political writer George Chalmers as an appendix to the 1802 edition of Chalmers's work.  It first appeared as a separate treatise issued by Stockdale in 1804. Reprinted in Two Tracts by Gregory King.(a) Natural and Political Observations and Conclusions upon the State and Condition of England. (b) Of the Naval Trade of England Ao. 1688 and the National Profit then arising thereby. Edited with an introduction by George E. Barnett. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1936.) Digital facsimile of the 1802 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1695

Analyse et tableaux de l’influence de la petite vérole sur la mortalité à chaque âge, et de celle qu’un préservatif tel que la vaccine peut avoir sur la population et la longevité.

Paris: Imprimerie Impériale, 1806.

Duvillard showed statistically the effect of smallpox vaccination on the mortality rate. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox › Vaccination
  • 1696

Beiträge zur medizinischen Statistik un Staatsarzneikunde. 2 vols.

Berlin: F. Dümmler, 18251835.


Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1696.1

Illustrations and proofs of the principle of population including an examination of the proposed remedies of Mr. Malthus, and a reply to the objections of Mr. Godwin and others.

London: Longman, 1822.

Place was the first important proponent of birth control in any English speaking country. The above work openly advocates contraception, though without indicating how it was to be achieved. Reprinted with additional material collected by N.E. Himes, London, 1930.



Subjects: Contraception , DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1697

Elements of medical statistics.

London: Longman, 1829.

First English book devoted specifically to medical statistics. Hawkins was instrumental in obtaining the insertion of a column for the names of diseases or other causes of death, in connexion with the first Act for the registration of births and deaths.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 1698

Recherches sur les effets de la saignée dans quelques maladies inflammatoires, et sur l’action de l’émétique et des vésicatoires dans la pneumonie.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1835.

Louis refuted Broussais’s system of medicine, his “médicine physiologique.”  Louis was instrumental in establishing medicine as an exact science by the introduction of the numerical or statistical method. English translation by C. G. Putnam, with preface and appendix by James Jackson as Researches on the effects of bloodletting in some inflammatory diseases, Boston, 1836.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, THERAPEUTICS › Bloodletting
  • 1698.1

Sur l’homme et le développement des facultés, ou essai de physique sociale. 2 vols.

Paris: Bachelier, 1835.

Quetelet’s statistical researches on the development of the physical and intellectual qualities of man, and an exposition of his concept of the “average man”, which became the by-word of quantitative studies. "Quételet suggested that the ratio of the subject’s weight divided by the square of the height could be used as a measure of fatness that corrected for differences in height. This unit, the Body Mass Index (BMI), is still known as the ‘Quételet Index’ (QI) in some European countries; BMI has been shown to correlate with body fat content, and to predict risk for several of the comorbidities of obesity" (Bray, History of Obesity, IN: Obesity: Science to Practice Edited by Gareth Williams and Gema Frühbeck [2009]). English translation as A treatise on man and the development of his faculties (Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers, 1842). Digital facsimile of the 1835 edition from the Internet Archive at this link, of the English translation at this linkSee No. 171.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, Obesity Research, Statistics, Biomedical
  • 1699

Vital statistics. IN: A statistical account of the British Empire: exhibiting its extent, physical capacities, population, industries, and civil and religious institutions by J[ohn] R[amsey] McCulloch, 2nd ed., 2, 52-90.

London: Charles Knight & Co., 1839.

Ranks with Graunt’s Observations as an original contribution to medical statistics. Significantly expanded from the first edition (1837).  Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics